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Pregnancy Test After Abortion – Am I Still Pregnant?

Now For various reasons our women out there find it worth to abort, here is another time of dilemma when and how do you confirm the abortion process was successful.

How do I know my abortion has been successful? Am I still pregnant after my abortion?

With questions like this in mind, the best way to get the reassurance that the abortion has been successful, especially if you have taken the abortion pill(s), is to do a pregnancy test.

Your pregnancy test after abortion

We advise that you take a pregnancy test 4 weeks after your treatment to confirm that your abortion has been successful and that your body is returning to normal.

False Positives

If you take the test too early, it may show a false positive. This is because the pregnancy hormone may still be present in your body.

Avoid digital pregnancy tests after abortion

Please be aware that it’s not advisable to take a digital pregnancy test after your treatment. This is because digital tests are very sensitive and may pick up even the slightest trace of pregnancy hormones in your body, anything up to 8 weeks post-treatment. So you might think you’re still pregnant when you are most probably not.

Understanding the pregnancy test results

A negative pregnancy result

If you’ve had no issues following your abortion – and have a negative pregnancy test – you do not need further follow-up.

A negative which then appears as a positive test result

If you get a negative test – which later appears to be positive – check whether or not you read the pregnancy test within the time stated on the packaging. Results read outside of the given timescale may not be reliable. If in doubt, repeat the test.

A positive pregnancy result

If you have a positive pregnancy test at 4 weeks after treatment – but do not have any pregnancy symptoms – take a second test at 5 weeks.

Can I get pregnant straight after my abortion?

Yes. It’s possible for women to become pregnant immediately following an abortion, so please ensure you do not have unprotected sex after your abortion. We offer a range of contraception options at the time of treatment.

Article reviewed By – Your Nurse Solomon

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The Emergency Pills and Contraception

Emergency contraception — also called postcoital contraception – is a form of birth control that may be used by women who have had unprotected sex or used a birth control method that failed.

The treatment generally is reserved for specific situations and is not a regular method of birth control.

Emergencies include being raped, having a condom break or slip off during sex action, or missing two or more birth control pills during a monthly cycle. Emergency oral contraception is used to prevent a pregnancy, not end one. They work primarily by delaying ovulation.

NOTE: My dear readers my audience Emergency contraception does not protect against sexually transmitted diseases. It is not RU-466/mifepristone, the medication used to induce abortions.

There are 2 types of emergency contraception:

• Pill form

• IUD

RELATED ARTICLE: READ THE EARLIEST SIGNS OF PREGNANCY – COULD YOU BE PREGNANT?

There are 3 types of emergency contraception in pill form that are sold both with and without a prescription. You need to be 17 to buy them if a prescription is needed. Depending on the brand and dose, you might get 1 pill or 2.

• Pills containing a hormone called levonorgestrel:

◦ My Way (over-the-counter)

◦ Plan B One-Step (over-the-counter)

◦ Preventeza (over-the-counter)

◦ Take Action (over-the-counter)

• Birth control pills can also be used as emergency contraception, but you have to take more than one pill at a time to keep from getting pregnant. This approach works, but it is less effective and more likely to cause nausea than levonorgestrel. Birth control pills require a prescription. Talk to your doctor or nurse to make sure you are taking the correct pills and dose.

• A third kind of emergency contraception pill is called ulipristal (ella, ellaOne). You need a prescription to get it.

Levonorgestrel is a specifically packaged emergency contraception. It is available to anyone over the counter without a prescription or age restrictions.

Ella is a non-hormonal pill.

It contains ulipristal, a non-hormonal drug that blocks the effects of key hormones necessary for conception. It is available only by prescription.

How Does It Work?

Levonorgestrel  emergency contraception may prevent pregnancy by temporarily blocking eggs from being released, by stopping fertilization, or by keeping a fertilized egg from becoming

implanted in the uterus.

Levonorgestrel is taken in one dose with one pill. Its effectiveness depends on how soon you take the pill. It should be taken as soon as possible — within 72 hours of unprotected intercourse. When Levonorgestrel is taken as directed, it can reduce the chance of pregnancy by close to 90%.

Ella can be taken up to 120 hours after sex. It is taken as one tablet in one dose.

An IUD can be inserted to prevent pregnancy.

The device works by stopping implantation of a fertilized egg in the uterus and must be placed within 5 days of having unprotected intercourse.

How Effective Is Emergency Contraception?

If levonorgestrel  is taken as directed after unprotected sex, it will decrease the chances of a pregnancy occurring. About 7 out of every 8 women who would have gotten pregnant do not become pregnant. However, research shows that levonorgestrel starts to lose its effectiveness in women who are overweight or obese.

Instead, an IUD is the suggested option in this group.

In two reported studies, Ella significantly reduced the pregnancy rate from an expected rate of 5.5% and 5.6% to 2.2% and 1.9%, respectively. In a pooled analysis of the data, the effectiveness did not fade for 120 hours after unprotected sex.

An IUD can be up to 99% effective when inserted within 5 to 7 days after unprotected intercourse.

Where Can I Get Emergency Contraception?

Emergency contraceptive pills (ECPs) are available at Planned Parenthood; college, public, and women’s health centers; private doctors; and some hospital emergency rooms.

Some doctors will prescribe ECPs over the phone and call the prescription in to a pharmacy. As mentioned above, levonorgestrel is available at pharmacies without a prescription.

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Who Should Not Use ECPs?

Levonorgestrel will not affect an implanted pregnancy. Ella should not be used by women who are already pregnant or may be pregnant. The risk to a human fetus is unknown. Animal studies have demonstrated risk of fetal loss.

Women who have a chronic medical condition should check with their doctor or health care provider before using this method of emergency contraception.

Are There Any Side Effects Associated With Emergency Contraception Pills?

The most common side effects associated with emergency contraception pills include:

1. Nausea

2. Abdominal pain

3. Fatigue

4. Headache

5. Menstrual changes

Ask your doctor or pharmacist about ways to reduce nausea. They may prescribe some anti-nausea medicine for you to take before you take an ECP.

Does It Protect Against Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs)?

No. Emergency contraception will not protect you from contracting an STD, such as HIV, the virus that causes AIDS. The best way to avoid getting STDs, is to limit sexual contact to one uninfected partner. If that is not an option, use a latex condom correctly every time you have sex.

Article by – Your Nurse Solomon

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Sugar Pregnancy Test – How to Perform It Procedure

I understand many of us tend to even fear buy pregnancy test stripes, here is your good news, you can use the sugar you have at home to find out whether you are pregnant or not.

It is said that only a woman can understand the exact feeling of being pregnant as it is one of the most important stages of their life. The first step of entering into this stage is the pregnancy test which will be conducted as soon as they have doubt of being pregnant. Sugar Pregnancy Test is a really test which can be done in home just with some sugar.

Also Read HEART BREAKING LETTER FROM ABORTED CHILD

A lot of options are available for this among which we will recommend the home-based testing methods at the initial stages. Uktvnow app This has the benefit of doing the test in a very inexpensive way. There are also situations when some woman needs to check for pregnancy at multiple times. The home based pregnancy which is also known as do-it-yourself will be very useful for such people.

In previous article we gave detail about how to perform the Bleech pregnancy test. Sugar pregnancy test is also such a test which can be done in a very natural way without the inclusion of any chemicals. This helps to avoid the usage of any chemicals which may result in any health related problems.

As the pregnancy is a stage of life which required the carrying lady to avoid the usage of unwanted medicines and chemicals, the natural testing methods are the best one for them at this stage. As this is a very economical method and can be done without too much effort, you can even repeat it multiple times whenever you have doubt of pregnancy.

Related Article READ THE EARLIEST SIGNS OF PREGNANCY – COULD YOU BE PREGNANT?

All you required to do this test is 2 -3 teaspoons of sugar and it is readily available in most of our houses. Those who get a positive result on this test are recommended to consult a doctor at the earliest. Because they are the ones that can guide you in the best way for the future steps that should be taken care. Online Sugar Pregnancy Test must be performed whenever you have any doubt about your pregnancy.

How to do the sugar pregnancy test?

For conducting the sugar pregnancy test what you required are some sugar and a well-cleaned bowl. It is recommended to use the white sugar rather than the others to have a better result. The bowl which will be used for this test should be well sterilized.

Otherwise, it may affect the result of the test. So, once you are ready with the above-said items, wait for some time until you feels to urinate. Now add 2 -3 teaspoons of sugar into the bowl. After that, it is recommended to urinate directly into the bowl rather than collecting it in some other vessels and dropping it into the bowl. This pregnancy test with sugar gives perfect and accurate reports.

How to Perform Sugar Pregnancy Test Properly Procedure

Now, wait for the response from the sugar that is added to the bowl. If the sugar is observed to be dissolved in the urine, then it can be confirmed that you are not pregnant. If it is not dissolved and is seen to clumps up then it is the indication that you are pregnant. If the result is found to be negative, you can try the same again in a couple of days. It is also recommended to do the test in the morning time with the first urine after waking up.

How does this Sugar Pregnancy test work?

It is the Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (HCG) hormone which is present in the urine of the pregnant women’s that helps in the reaction between the urine and sugar. If the urine contains HCG hormone, the sugar will clump, which will in turn considered as a sign of pregnancy. Apart from sugar, this hormone shows a good response to a lot of other substances as well.

This property of the HCG is made in use by the different home based pregnancy testing methods.

Conducting the sugar pregnancy test at a too early stage of the pregnancy will show a negative result only. It doesn’t mean that you are not pregnant. So, whenever you get a negative result don’t take a decision about the same.

Related Article LONG-TERM RELATIONSHIP GOALS AND HEALTH

It is recommended to try again with the same test method at multiple times with a gap of 2 -3 days. As the testing does not require you to invest any money for the same, you can do it as much as you like. It is also seen that for who are undergoing some medications, the result will not be the correct one. Also, the test conducted after too much consumption of water may also affect the result. Consider all these points carefully before you try the sugar pregnancy test. After you complete the test you will be amazed with the results for sure.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Sugar Pregnancy Test: –

Instead of using the modern pregnancy test methods, why people should use the sugar pregnancy test? There must be some strong reasons behind this. Let us have a look at the same. It is very difficult for the common people to continuously try the costly medical tests for confirmation of pregnancy. The sugar pregnancy test comes into their help at this stage. As this is very economical, you can try it as much as you want and it will cost you almost nothing.

Another advantage of the sugar pregnancy test is that it is very easy to perform. Even a housewife with less educational qualification can try this test and check the result quite easily. It is also seen that there are situations in life when a woman does not want to share the fact that she is pregnant. If trying to test for the same with some medical tests there are chances that others will also come to know about it. But by using home-based pregnancy test methods this risk can be avoided.

Along with some pros, the sugar pregnancy test has some cons as well. The most important thing that you should be aware of while doing this test is that the accuracy of it is a little bit less compared to the medical tests. However, if you find the result from the sugar test positive, you can check it again with the help of a doctor.

Conclusion: –

Tests like the sugar pregnancy test are the preliminary tests that can be done at the initial stages of pregnancy. Once you find that you are pregnant, don’t hesitate to consult a doctor at the earliest and take advice from them also.

#Earlypregnacytest #sugarpregnancytest #Perfecthomepregnancytest #cheapalternativeforpregnancytesting

Read the other related articles here

 

What can I expect after I take the abortion pill?

You may feel tired or crampy for a day or so, and you’ll have bleeding and spotting for awhile. Most people go back to normal activities the day after a medication abortion.

How will I feel after taking the abortion pill?

How you feel during and after a medication abortion varies from person to person. On the day you take your second medicine, plan on resting and being in a comfortable place. You may feel tired for 1 or 2 days after, but you should be back to normal soon.

You can go back to work, school, driving, and most other normal activities the next day if you feel up to it. But DON’T do hard work or heavy exercise for several days. You should start to feel better as the days go by, but call your doctor or health center if you still feel ill.

After your abortion is complete, cramping and bleeding should lighten up as the hours and days go by. You may also have tender breasts, and they may leak a milky discharge. That should stop in a couple of days. Wearing a snug-fitting bra will help you feel more comfortable.

Any chills, fevers, or nausea you have should go away pretty quickly. Call your doctor or health center right away if you have nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, or a fever for more than 24 hours after taking misoprostol (the second set of pills). It could be a sign of an infection.

Your doctor or health care center staff will give you written after-care instructions, and a phone number you can call with any questions about abortion pill side effects or any other concerns.

Follow all of your doctor’s directions during and after your abortion.

Make sure you go for your follow-up to confirm that your abortion is complete and that you’re healthy.

People can have a range of emotions after having an abortion. Most people feel relief, but sometimes people feel sad or regretful.

This is totally normal. If your mood keeps you from doing the things you usually do each day, call your doctor or nurse for help.

How will the abortion pill affect my periods?

It’s normal to bleed and spot off and on for several weeks after your abortion. You can use pads, tampons, or a menstrual cup —  whatever’s the most comfortable for you.

But your nurse or doctor may recommend you use pads for a few days after the abortion so you can track how much you’re bleeding.

Abortion starts a new menstrual cycle, so your period should go back to normal 4-8 weeks after your abortion.

How soon can I have sex after a medication abortion?

You can have sex as soon as you feel ready.

When can I start using birth control after my medication abortion?

You can start a new birth control method immediately after having a medication abortion. You can get pregnant very quickly after your abortion, so it’s a good idea to talk with your nurse or doctor about birth control as soon as you can — they can help you find a method that’s right for you.

How safe is the abortion pill?

Medication abortion is very safe. Serious problems are rare, but like all medical procedures, there can be some risks.

What are the possible risks of taking the abortion pill?

Medication abortion has been used safely in the U.S. for more than 15 years. Serious complications are really rare, but can happen. These include:

• the abortion pills don’t work and the pregnancy doesn’t end

• some of the pregnancy tissue is left in your uterus

• blood clots in your uterus

• bleeding too much or too long

• infection

• allergic reaction to one of the medicines

These problems aren’t common. And if they do happen, they’re usually easy to take care of with medication or other treatments.

In extremely rare cases, some complications can be very serious or even life threatening. Call your doctor or health center right away if you have:

• heavy bleeding from your vagina that soaks through more than 2 maxi pads in an hour, for 2 or more hours in a row

• passing large clots (bigger than a lemon) for more than 2 hours

• belly pain or cramps that don’t get better with pain medication

• a fever of 100.4 or higher more than 24 hours after taking misoprostol

• weakness, nausea, vomiting, and/or diarrhea that lasts more than 24 hours after taking the misoprostol

You should start to feel better the day after your abortion.

Feeling sick with nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, belly pain, or a fever for more than 24 hours after taking misoprostol (the second set of pills) can be a sign of infection. Call your doctor or nurse right away if you have any of those symptoms. Serious problems can cause death in the most rare cases, but abortion is typically very safe. In fact, pregnancy and childbirth is riskier than most abortions.

If you have complications during your medication abortion, you may have to go back to the doctor’s office or health center. In the unlikely event that you are still pregnant, your doctor or nurse will discuss your options with you. You may need another dose of medication or to have an in-clinic abortion to end the pregnancy.

Like all medications, the abortion pill isn’t right for everyone. The abortion pill may not be right for you if you have certain medical conditions or take certain medications. Your doctor or nurse will talk with you and help you decide if the abortion pill is the right option for you.

Does the abortion pill have long-term side effects?

The abortion pill is really safe and effective. It’s a super common way to have an abortion, and millions of people have used it safely.

Unless there’s a rare and serious complication that’s not treated, there’s no risk to your future pregnancies or to your overall health. Having an abortion doesn’t increase your risk for breast cancer or affect your fertility. It doesn’t cause problems for future pregnancies like birth defects, premature birth or low birth weight, ectopic pregnancy, miscarriage, or infant death.

Serious, long-term emotional problems after an abortion are rare, and about as uncommon as they are after giving birth. They are more likely to happen in people who have to end a pregnancy because of health reasons, people who do not have support around their decision to have an abortion, or people who have a history of mental health problems. Most people feel relief after an abortion.

There are many myths out there about the effects of abortion. Your nurse or doctor can give you accurate information about abortion pill side effects or any other concerns you may have.

The most common Causes of Miscarriages

 

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First of all, what is a miscarriage??

A miscarriage is a spontaneous loss of a woman’s pregnancy before the 20th week that can be both physically and emotionally painful.

 

There quite many causes miscarriage out there of which many of some are not avoidable. Get insight into the most common causes of miscarriage. Now as humans, i most cases many women i find and have worked and have experienced this unfortunate happen ask why did i get an abortion?

Related Article Earliest Signs Of pregnancy – Could You be pregnant? Read Our Article

Today i bring you the most common causes of Abortion.

1. Lifestyle Some lifestyle habits, such as drug abuse, alcohol use during pregnancy, and smoking have been found to be causes of early miscarriage and pregnancy loss in later trimesters as well. Optimizing your health leading up to your pregnancy could help reduce your risk of miscarriage. Now in many cases pregnancies are unplanned, which means women are often not best prepared for pregnancy when it occurs. Most women i work on do not realize they are pregnant until a couple weeks after missing period. Preparing for pregnancy by modifying diet and exercise, limiting stress, optimizing chronic medical disorders and beginning prenatal vitamins is ideal for all pregnancies. This calls for our people to go for antenatal services as immediate as they think they are pregnant.

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 2. Physical complications Less common, but still significant occurrences of miscarriage can be caused by physical problems with the mother, such as uterine abnormalities including septum or polyps, or cervical incompetency, and mostly occur in the 2nd or 3rd trimesters.

 

3. Blood clotting disorders Like physical abnormalities, miscarriages caused by blood clotting disorders (such as Factor V Leiden), are more rare, but do occur.

4. Diabetes Women with diabetes need to work with their primary care physician or endocrinologist to optimize their sugar control because Uncontrolled insulin-dependent diabetes in the first trimester can lead to increased miscarriage rates and also a markedly increased risk of major birth defects.

Victims of diabetes, the best action plan is to see your nurse prior to becoming pregnant to optimize your health. Chronic medical disorders including diabetes, hypothyroidism, hypertension and autoimmune illnesses need to be addressed and well-controlled prior to pregnancy.

Also Read Earliest Signs Of pregnancy – Could You be pregnant? Read Our Article

 

5. Chromosomal abnormalities The most common reason for a miscarriage is problems with either the egg or sperm’s chromosomes during embryo formation. While some chromosomal abnormalities are compatible with life, such as trisomy 21, the most common type of Down syndrome, other chromosomal disorders are simply incompatible with life.

 

6. Thyroid disorders Whether it be hypo (too low) or hyper (too high) thyroidism, thyroid disorders can lead to problems with infertility or cause recurrent miscarriage.  In cases where a woman’s thyroid function is low, her body will try to compensate by producing hormones that can actually suppress ovulation; conversely, a thyroid that is producing too many hormones can interfere with estrogen’s ability to do its job and make the uterus unfavorable for implantation or lead to abnormal uterine bleeding.

Now lastly is this terrible one causing recurrent Miscarriages

7. Immunological disorders Certain autoimmune disorders do play a role in miscarriage, especially with recurrent miscarriages. Although the exact role of immunologic factors in miscarriage is “complicated. But here the body’s immune system fights the fetus, it views it as a foreign body and dangerous to it so it fights it till you get a miscarriage.

Also Read Earliest Signs Of pregnancy – Could You be pregnant? Read Our Article

Read the Earliest Signs Of pregnancy – Could You be pregnant?

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For many women, the earliest symptoms of pregnancy appear in the first few weeks after conception.

But even before you miss a period, you may suspect – or hope – that you’re pregnant. For some women, early symptoms of pregnancy begin in the first few weeks after conception.

Pregnancy symptoms can also vary in their intensity, frequency and duration.

The following early signs and symptoms of pregnancy checklist are only a guideline. Many early pregnancy symptoms can appear similar to routine pre-menstrual discomforts.

 

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Tender, swollen breasts

Your breasts may provide one of the first symptoms of pregnancy. As early as two weeks after conception, hormonal changes may make your breasts tender, tingly or sore. Or your breasts may feel fuller and heavier.

Fatigue

Fatigue and tiredness also ranks high among early symptoms of pregnancy. During early pregnancy, levels of the hormone progesterone soar. In high enough doses, progesterone can put you to sleep. At the same time, lower blood sugar levels, lower blood pressure and increased blood production may team up to sap your energy during your pregnancy.

Slight bleeding or cramping

Sometimes a small amount of spotting or vaginal bleeding is one of the first symptoms of pregnancy. Known as implantation bleeding, it happens when the fertilised egg attaches to the lining of the uterus – about 10 to 14 days after fertilisation. This type of bleeding is usually a bit earlier, spottier and lighter in colour than a normal period and doesn’t last as long. Some women also experience abdominal cramping early in pregnancy. These cramps are similar to menstrual cramps.

RELATED ARTICLE Still Staggering which birth control method to use? – Read this Article

Nausea with or without vomiting

Morning sickness, which can strike at any time of the day or night, is one of the classic symptoms of pregnancy. For some women, the queasiness begins as early as two weeks after conception. Nausea seems to stem at least in part from rapidly rising levels of estrogen, which causes the stomach to empty more slowly. Pregnant women also have a heightened sense of smell, so various odors – such as foods cooking, perfume or cigarette smoke – may cause waves of nausea in early pregnancy. There are some hints and tips to help combat the effects of morning sickness.

Signs of pregnancy. Image: iStock

Food aversions or cravings

When you’re pregnant, you might find yourself turning up your nose at certain foods, such as coffee or fried foods. Food cravings are common too. Like most other symptoms of pregnancy, these food preferences can be chalked up to hormonal changes – especially in the first trimester, when hormonal changes are the most dramatic.

RELATED: What to eat in your first trimester, according to a nutritionist

Headaches

Early in pregnancy, increased blood circulation caused by hormonal changes may trigger frequent, mild headaches.

Constipation

Constipation is another common early symptom of pregnancy. An increase in progesterone causes food to pass more slowly through the intestines, which can lead to constipation.

Mood swings

The flood of hormones in your body in early pregnancy can make you unusually emotional and weepy. Mood swings also are common, especially in the first trimester.

Faintness and dizziness

As your blood vessels dilate and your blood pressure drops, you may feel lightheaded or dizzy. Early in pregnancy, faintness also may be triggered by low blood sugar.

RELATED: How to track your cycle

Early pregnancy symptoms. Image: iStock

Raised basal body temperature

Your basal body temperature is your oral temperature when you first wake up in the morning. This temperature increases slightly soon after ovulation and remains at that level until your next period. If you’ve been charting your basal body temperature to determine when you ovulate, its continued elevation for more than two weeks may mean that you’re pregnant.

Missed Period

Perhaps the most obvious early symptom of pregnancy is when you’ve missed your period. This possible sign of pregnancy is often what causes women to search for more details about the other pregnancy symptoms.

Some women might only experience a much lighter period compared to their usual. You might not experience any of the pregnancy signs listed below until around the time you notice you’ve missed your monthly cycle.

Just “Feeling” Pregnant

This early pregnancy symptom may be the reason why you are checking this list right now. Many women believe they have an intuition about pregnancy signs. Their intuition is often proven correct.

Maybe you just feel different; tired, moody, queasy, lightheaded. You may also have heartburn, constipation, or find yourself making more frequent trips to the toilet. Perhaps you feel a dull ache or stiffness in your lower back, you have sore breasts or they seem overly sensitive, or you are simply not feeling like your usual self.

Early pregnancy test. Image: iStock

How can you really tell if you are pregnant?

Unfortunately, these symptoms aren’t unique to pregnancy. Some can indicate that you’re getting sick or that your period is about to start. Likewise, you can be pregnant without experiencing any of these symptoms.

RELATED: What to eat in your first trimester, according to a nutritionist

Still, if you miss a period or notice any of the tip-offs on this list, you might want to take a home pregnancy test – especially if you’re not keeping track of your menstrual cycle or if it varies widely from one month to the next. If your home pregnancy test is positive, make an appointment with your health care provider. The sooner your pregnancy is confirmed, the sooner you can begin prenatal care.

If you are worried about possible early symptoms of pregnancy, you can put your mind at ease with a pregnancy test. More than just a pregnancy symptom, this is scientific proof positive of whether you are expecting a baby or not.

Pregnancy tests work best if you wait to take them until at least a day or two after you miss your period. Even if the pregnancy test result is negative you should try it again a few days later to be sure.

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Tracking your menstrual cycle

Tracking your cycle

Planning to conceive and vice versa? We’re got all the information you need to help track your fertile times and plan your baby making.

There’s only a small window each month when you’re fertile enough to fall pregnant, so it’s important to keep a diary to locate your three most fertile days, centred around your monthly ovulation.

Statistically, couples who get to know the woman’s fertile ‘window’ and have sex at these times are more likely to conceive.

Keeping a monthly diary of your periods and other bodily changes to increase your accuracy of locating your fertility ‘window’. The most likely days that intercourse will result in conception are the two days before ovulation and the day of ovulation. Because everyone’s cycle is different, noting your own cycle means you can effectively pinpoint the precise days that you will ovulate each month.

Tracking your cycle

Your menstrual cycle begins on the first day you bleed each month (day 1), and ends as the next period of bleeding begins (day 28, 29,30 etc). If you don’t already do so, it can help to identify day 1 on your monthly calendar or diary. As a general guide, ovulation occurs roughly 14 days from the beginning of your cycle (day 14 if you have a 28 day cycle, day 12 if you have a 26 day cycle, or day 21 if you have a 35 day cycle, etc), but varies from woman to woman, depending on her cycle. So it’s important to track other elements, outlined below, for the most accurate snapshot of your fertile ‘window’.

Fertile clues

Your body provides clues about your fertility status throughout your cycle, so keep track of these in your diary:

  • Your basal body temperature (BBT), which rises after ovulation.
  • Your cervix and your cervical fluid, sometimes called cervical mucous (CM), which gets increasingly wet, clear and stretchy as ovulation approaches.

RELATED: What to eat in your first trimester, according to a nutritionist

Keeping a diary

  • Take note of day 1 of your period, marking when you start bleeding in your fertility diary.
  • Keep your temperature while you have your period each day for a couple of weeks. You can take your temperature orally, or vaginally, it’s your choice. Your temperature will start to rise just before, during or just after you ovulate. The temperature rise is usually about 0.2 to 0.4 degrees Celsius and usually stays elevated until just before your next period begins, when it will drop by approximately 0.2 degrees to 0.4 degrees Celsius. If your temperature does not stay up for at least 10 days, you may not have ovulated. If your temperature continues to stay up past the time your period is due (14 to 16 days), you may be pregnant.
  • Close to ovulation, a woman’s levels of oestrogen peak, and a special fertile mucus which is capable of protecting the man’s sperm and helping them survive for up to three to five days in the woman’s body becomes present. In general, your cervical mucous will grow thicker as you get closer to ovulation. Mucus differs from woman to woman so it’s important to get to know your own ‘normal’ for each stage of the cycle. For example, you may have none, or it may be sticky or yellowish or whitish in the week after your period. Many women, close to ovulation, notice an increase in mucous, whether it’s thicker or runnier. Keep track so you can identify another fertility marker.
  • Feeling your cervix can be very helpful if, like many women, you don’t notice a huge change in your cervical mucous. In the days before ovulation it will feel higher, softer, wetter and slightly more open when compared to the previous days.
  • Libido: Many women notice an increase in their sexual desire at their ovulation time. Women naturally feel more like having sex when they are fertile.
  • Some women experience a pain on one side of their lower abdomen or back, called Mittelschmerz (‘middle pain’), usually about 24 to 48 hours before ovulation, as the egg prepares to be released from the ovary. It can also be handy to note this, if and when it happens.
  • Hopefully after a month or two of noting the changes in your body, you’ll have a clear picture of your ovulation patterns: your fertility ‘window’.

Why not use our handy fertility chart to keep track?

Time to conceive

Studies show conception is more likely to occur if the couple have sex one to three days prior to ovulation, which means the sperm are already present in the woman’s fallopian tubes at ovulation (where fertilisation takes place). Therefore a woman’s most fertile time each month is thought to be about one to three days (but up to five days) before she is expected to ovulate.

To maximize your conception chances, it is recommended to have sex every day during your fertile time.

RELATED: What to eat in your first trimester, according to a nutritionist

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Foods to eat in your first trimester – our nutritionist

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At this time it’s not up to eating much at all right now? Make small quantities of green vegetables, wholegrain cereals and legumes your first priority.

The funny thing about nutrition in the early stages of pregnancy is that while there are some key nutrients you do need to ensure you are getting, we need few if any extra calories and often do not feel like eating.

Related Article:  Pregnancy checklist

Keep your focus on getting sufficient nutrients

For this reason, the first 12-14 weeks is all about getting a few key nutrients in the right amounts rather than volume or weight gain. First and foremost an adequate intake of folate, found in leafy green vegetables, wholegrain cereals and legumes is crucial to help prevent neutral tube defects.

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Folate is also involved in cellular metabolism and red blood cell development and plays a key role in energy metabolism. While pregnancy supplements will often tick the box for folate requirements in pregnancy, maintaining an optimal dietary intake should always be the primary goal as we get so much more than just nutrients when we consume them via natural foods.

Even if you are not consuming a significant amount of food at this time, a serve or two of leafy green veges, an orange, some avocado and a fortified cereal will tick the box for dietary folate during the first 20-24 weeks of your pregnancy.

Top up your iron levels regularly

The second important nutrient that will have a powerful impact on your energy on a daily basis is iron. Iron deficiency in women of child bearing age is relatively common in general with 20% of adult women with low iron or low iron stores.

Low iron levels can leave you feeling exhausted, which when coupled with the added pressures pf pregnancy can exacerbate feelings of fatigue. For this reason, if you are a red meat eater, it is imperative that you consume small serve of iron rich lean red meat at least 3-4 times each week.

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A small serve of lean mince, a lamb cutlet or small piece of steak is all you will need to ensure your rapidly increasing blood volume has access to adequate iron to transport oxygen around the body – you do not need a lot, you just need it regularly. If you are struggling to tolerate meat at this time, ensure you are taking a pregnancy supplement that contains iron.

Salmon, eggs, iodised salt = a functioning thyroid gland

Next and perhaps most importantly we need to talk about iodine. Up to 50% of pregnant and breastfeeding women are deficient in. Iodine has a crucial role in the functioning of the thyroid gland, and low levels over time coming from a low dietary intake of iodine can result in fertility issues, mental retardation, lower infant IQ’s and miscarriage.

It is for this reason that ensuring any pregnancy supplement you take contains iodine but also your diet regularly includes iodine rich foods. Foods rich in iodine include seaweed, salmon, eggs, iodised salt wither smaller amounts in milk and bread made using iodised salt.

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Related Article:  Pregnancy checklist

Feeling nauseous? Top up with regular, small meals

If you are finding it difficult to tolerate many foods at this stage of your pregnancy, remember that small meals consumed frequently can help to manage feelings of nausea and milk based drinks, soups, frittatas and small amounts of mincemeat are all nutrient rich ways to get your key nutrients via relatively non offensive foods.

Not eating for prolonged periods of time will generally make the nausea worse and for this reason, eating a plain cracker or two every hour or two will help to manage your morning sickness. Other nutritious foods which may also be tolerated at this time include ice cold vegetable juices, cheese and crackers, herbal tea, plain toast, nut bars and frozen Greek yoghurt with fresh fruit.

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