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Medical advise on sex after a miscarriage

You are likely to feel that your body is ready for sex resumption, but this may not necessarily mean that you are ready to Resume sex. See details below.

Everything changed when you saw the two pink lines show up on that pregnancy test – but here you are in the confusing space after a miscarriage with a thousand thoughts swirling around your brain: check this.     Install Our App from HERE

How soon can I try again? 

What if this happens again? 

And, let’s be honest: What does this mean for my sex life?


First, know that whatever you’re feeling is completely okay. “Women can have such different reactions to a miscarriage,” says Dr Catherine Monk, professor of medical psychology at Columbia University Medical Center. “I hope that women and their partners understand that the range of feelings are normal.”

Sex after miscarriage is a complicated topic – and what’s “normal” when it comes to feeling physically and mentally ready for sex again can vary widely. Still, there are a few general guidelines that may help make this difficult time in your life a little less confusing.

You may Want to Read the Story from an aborted Child

Your body isn’t ready for sex immediately after miscarriage.

The big concern is that your cervix should be closed to prevent any potential infections, says Dr Zev Williams, chief of the division of reproductive endocrinology and infertility and associate professor of obstetrics and gynaecology. He notes that, after a miscarriage, your cervix opens up (a.k.a. dilates) to let the fetal tissue out. And depending on how many weeks along you were when you miscarried, the closing process can take anywhere from a couple weeks to a couple months.

Your gynae can check your cervix via a physical exam, so be sure to get the go-ahead from her before having sex again.

The one exception here: If you had what’s known as a “chemical pregnancy” – meaning you got a positive pregnancy test but an ultrasound didn’t confirm it, something that can account for as many as 75% of miscarriages – you don’t have to wait to have sex.

Read more: Common causes miscarriages

Many women find that their libido takes even longer to bounce back.

Just because you’re physically ready to have sex post-miscarriage doesn’t mean you’re ready emotionally. You may be struggling with a sense that your body has failed you somehow – or feel like you’re to blame for your miscarriage (likely not true, by the way, as most first trimester miscarriages are due to chromosomal abnormalities, according to the American Pregnancy Association).

“It can be tough to turn on your intimate side when you’re dealing with these feelings,” says Dr Monk.

You have to give yourself room and self-compassion to mourn in the way that’s right for you, she adds.

If your experience makes you want to avoid sex for right now, that’s okay. If you’re counting down the days until the doc gives you the go-ahead to get busy again, that’s fine, too. Or, you may feel both: Wanting to try sex again, but also being totally freaked out by it.

There’s no shame in seeking help from a qualified therapist, particularly one who has experience with women and this type of loss. They can help you work through your feelings on the topic and give you tips for communicating with your partner.

After all, they’re likely mourning in their own way, too (and may not feel ready to have sex again themselves). Openly talking about it may help you both set expectations for intimacy and what each of you are comfortable with.

Read more: 3 women describe what it’s actually like to have a miscarriage

What do I need to know about getting pregnant again?

You’ve probably heard the oft-given guideline to wait three or six months after a miscarriage, but there’s little data to back that up. “Research comparing waiting three months or trying sooner [shows that] women who waited longer ended up taking longer to get pregnant,” says Dr Williams.

That doesn’t mean you should necessarily try right away, though. “After a loss, you want to make sure your body returns back to its pre-pregnancy state,” he says.

In addition to verifying that your cervix has closed, you’ll want confirm (via a blood test) that your levels of hCG, or the “pregnancy hormone”, are back to baseline. This ensures you don’t confuse a potential new pregnancy with your old one.

One caveat: If you’ve had multiple losses, you’ll want to consider getting an evaluation from a reproductive endocrinologist to identify if there’s an underlying problem – many of which can be dealt with effectively via treatment.

Regardless of your exact circumstances – and how you’ve reacted so far – “miscarriage is a mourning process, and we all cope differently,” says Dr Monk. “There’s no right or wrong way to do it.”

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Stories of What it means To Have A Miscarriage

“I spent about 2 weeks pregnant, unfortunately i wasn’t anymore…wuuuooo”

Miscarriage can be caused by so many things and has happened to many expectant mothers. Three women with very different experiences show that pregnancy loss can be accompanied by a range of emotions – all valid, all normal…

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“Becoming A Mom Wasn’t A Priority”

For six years, I was in a relationship with a man who didn’t want kids; his ambivalence rubbed off on me. I spent so much time thinking about the negatives – a baby would wreck my body, I’d never sleep again – that even after we broke up, becoming a mom wasn’t a priority.

READ MORE: Can i Pregnant during my Periods?

A few years later, I met, then married, my husband. He really wanted kids, so we tried. When the test showed I was pregnant, I didn’t feel negative or positive; it just happened so fast. Then, five days later, at work, I started to bleed – bright-red blood that wouldn’t stop. I broke down sobbing. I felt like I’d lost a child. I didn’t know how much I wanted children. How much I wanted that baby. Now we have a two-year-old son, but I still wear an angel necklace to commemorate the baby I lost. – Dana Norris, 36

“It Just Wasn’t Meant To Be”

As a psychotherapist who counsels people through trauma, including miscarriage, I knew how common it was. When I miscarried at nine weeks, I was sad, of course, but, in my mind, it wasn’t even a foetus yet – it was a developing foetus. I bled for a few days and had a bit of cramping, but I didn’t need to take off work.

READ MORE: 7 Reasons Your Period Might Be Late – Other Than Pregnancy

Two weeks later, while I was driving, I felt this crushing wave of emotion out of nowhere. I pulled over and called my husband and we talked about it. Cried together. I felt better immediately; I just needed to process it. After that, I was able to move on pretty quickly. I knew I’d be able to get pregnant again – we’d conceived easily a few years earlier with my son; it just wasn’t meant to be that time. – Michelle Maidenberg, 45

“I Had To Spend 2 Weeks Pregnant, But i was Not anymore”

Three years ago, my husband and I were elated when we got pregnant the first month of trying. We saw the heartbeat, told friends and family and even bought a house to raise our family in. Then, at a routine 17-week check-up, the ultrasound technician went silent. My baby wasn’t moving. There was no heartbeat. It was Friday and they scheduled a D&C for Monday. I had to spend 2 weeks pregnant, but not.

READ MORE: 5 Things You Need To Know About Sex After Pregnancy

The D&C itself was awful. My doctor told me that most women are able to go home the same day, but there were complications – I lost a lot of blood during the procedure and I needed a transfusion and a stay in the hospital. A day or two later, after I went home, my milk came in. My breasts tripled in size overnight and I got stretch marks. That’s when it really hit me, emotionally. My body thought I’d had a baby, but I hadn’t… Now, it’s really strange to have a post-pregnancy body, even though I haven’t had a child. We haven’t decided whether or not we’ll try again. – Scovia Allen, 03

Critical things About Sex After Pregnancy

Your body just did something crazy (it grew a kid!), so of course there will be some changes.   Install Our Mobile App HERE

You have a new bundle of joy and your world is turned on its head. You’re not sleeping, you’re trying to decode your baby’s cries, and you really can’t even remember if you ate lunch or showered today. But eventually you’ll adjust, and the things that were so normal in your pre-baby life—like sex—will resurface.

Often, the six-week mark is talked about as a milestone. That’s when you go for a follow-up visit to your gynae, they examine you, and if all is well, they give you the go-ahead to resume sex and exercise. It’s likely your partner has been on the countdown for this day—even if you haven’t been.

“This is a very sensitive area that went through trauma—even though it was good trauma. Waiting helps prevent further damage to that area. Plus, it’s a very complex time for mom; we want to make sure that she’s taking care of herself mentally and physically,” says Dr. Jessica Shepherd, women’s health expert and gynae. For Cesarean-section mamas, she points out a reality check: You just had major surgery. “You need time for recovery before we talk about sexual activity,” she says.

Let’s say you’ve got the go ahead. Know that you don’t have to jump in bed right away. When you’re ready, here are five things you can expect. Knowing that they’re normal—you’re not alone!—can help you make a triumphant return to sexy town soon:

1/ It May Hurt A Little

Your body just went through a lot to deliver a baby, whether that was vaginally or through a C-section. Depending on any complications with birth, or if you needed a longer recovery than normal, sex may feel mildly uncomfortable to a little painful. (If you had a C-section, your scar may contribute to abdominal discomfort.) “It should never be so painful where you have to stop or are experiencing no pleasure at all. That’s not worth it,” says Shepherd. If that’s the case, talk to your doctor.

READ MORE: 5 Sex Positions after pregnancy

2/ Your Discharge Can Be Funky

After you have a baby, you’ll likely need to wear industrial-sized pads because, yes, you bleed that much. Later on though, bleeding lets up and goes away. Still, continued shedding of the endometrial layer can change the color of vaginal discharge to a mild brown tint, says Shepherd. Post-sex spotting can also be normal, too. What’s not is if the bleeding becomes continuous again or bright red. Also, be on the lookout for foul-smelling or cottage cheese-like discharge, as these can be signs of bacterial vaginosis or a yeast infection.

3/ Yep, Things May Feel Different… For A While

Among the reasons you may be nervous to get busy following baby is the worry that your vagina will be, well, stretched out, and sex won’t feel as pleasurable. “The elasticity of the vagina is impressive. It will return to its normal shape and characteristics, but that can take time,” says Shepherd. How quickly things return to normal depends on many factors, including the state of your pelvic-floor muscles before delivery. You can relax in knowing that the same sensations you enjoyed before pregnancy will usually return within three to six months, she says.

4/ You May Not Feel Like Yourself

Who’s that sexual minx? Wait, you don’t feel that way anymore? Totally normal. Having a baby is a huge transition, physically as well as emotionally. You may feel disconnected from your partner, which can make it difficult to get in the mood (not to mention the lack of sleep). Shepherd recommends talking to your partner and being really open about what you’re going through. You may also be experiencing postpartum depression, which should be discussed with your doctor so you can get the help you need. If it’s truly a connection thing, you may want to try a sex-therapy session, says Shepard.

5/ Things Will Return To Normal

Can we drive home any more what a change having a baby is? And that goes for whether it’s your first or you’re adding more to your brood. The good news is that your sex life with your partner will probably be back to normal within a year, regardless of if you had a C-section, a vaginal delivery, or even experienced tearing down there, reports a 2015 Australian study. Your sexual function, desire, arousal, and orgasm will all improve. It’s all looking up from here.

Five sex positions after pregnancy

They say everything changes when you have a baby—and that definitely includes your sex life. “What worked for you before having a baby might be very different after giving birth,” says Dr. Mary Jane Minkin, a clinical professor of obstetrics, gynaecology and reproductive sciences at the Yale University School of Medicine. Why? Your anatomy has changed.

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“For a woman who has an uncomplicated vaginal delivery, it usually takes about six weeks to heal,” says Dr. Leah Millheiser, director of the Female Sexual Medicine Program at Stanford University. “That means, when a woman starts to have sex again, obviously it’s been a while. It can be a little tighter and narrower down there.” On the flip side, some women experience just the opposite after giving birth: a loosening of the pelvic floor. “There is stretching of the tissue down there, but typically that goes back to normal,” Millheiser says.

On top of that, many breastfeeding moms experience problems with dryness—the number-one bedroom issue Minkin hears about after a woman gives birth. Breastfeeding causes a decrease in oestrogen, which obviously affects the vagina, she says. So even if you didn’t use it before, you’ll probably need to introduce lube to your sex life after giving birth.

What do all these changes mean? Your go-to position might not get the job done anymore. “Once you’ve been cleared by your doctor to engage in penetrative intercourse, you can begin to experiment with positions,” says Dr. Kat Van Kirk, a licensed marriage and sex therapist and author of the Married Sex Solution: A Realistic Guide to Saving Your Sex Life. “What matters is that you’re comfortable so you can focus on pleasure.”

“In general, women do really well on top during the postpartum months because they can control the speed and the depth of penetration,” says Millheiser. “A woman has to try out the position that she enjoys to find out what’s best for her.”

The experts stress that every woman is different—there’s no holy grail of post-birth sex moves. But to get your sex life revved up again, they recommend starting out with these five positions.

READ MORE: The 5 Best Sex Positions For When You’re Feeling Stressed

Reverse Cow Girl

To try penetration for the first time post-birth, start on top. “If you’re comfortable straddling away from your partner on your knees, Reverse Cow Girl can be a great way to have clitoral access while you control depth and rhythm,” says Van Kirk.

READ MORE: 5 Sex Positions You Should Finish With For An Orgasmic Grand Finale

Frisky Flip

If you’re not comfortable on top, try flipping over and lying flat on your stomach. “This low energy rear entry position allows you to relax into penetration without your partner being able to go too deep,” says Van Kirk.

READ MORE: 5 Sex Positions Perfect For When You Want To Get Rough

Spooning

Post-baby, slow and steady wins the race. “Going side-by-side can help control your partner from going too deep or too hard,” says Van Kirk.

READ MORE: The 4 Most Dangerous Sex Positions For His Penis

 

“Lazy Sex”

If spooning feels good but you want to shake it up, try what Van Kirk calls “lazy sex.” “Lay in an ‘L’ shape with your partner with you on your back and he on his side,” she says. “This allows for minimal exertion while also giving you both access to your clitoris.”

READ MORE: 10 Wild, Crazy Sex Positions You Need To Try

Lip Service

Speaking of your clitoris… “Cunnilingus (a.k.a. oral sex) is always a good option,” says Van Kirk. “Whether you are laying back or leaning on the headboard, you don’t have to worry about penetration.”

5 Sex Positions Perfect For When You Want To Get Rough

Sex can suit any mood or moment from intimate and romantic to hot and dirty. Another point on that scale is just plain rough sex. And that doesn’t have to mean incorporating any strange fantasies, difficult positions or floggers. All you have to do is tweak the positions you already know and love to amp up the roughness factor for an unforgettable romp. Trust.

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READ MORE: The 4 Most Dangerous Sex Positions For His Penis

Need some ideas? Check out these sexy suggestions from Dr Emily Morse, founder and host of the Sex with Emily podcast, and then try them with your partner tonight.

You’ll be breaking barriers, one spank and hair pull at a time.

5-positions-perfect-for-rough-sex-ss1

1. Miss New Booty

Even though you’re upside down here, you both have control of the motion and depth of penetration. Yours might be more of a workout, but any extra work and sweat in a sex sesh just makes it hotter (and rougher). If you want him to take control, he can use his hands for some spanking or anal play.

How to do it: Place your hands on the floor and have him pull your waist so your legs are on either side of his hips.
5-positions-perfect-for-rough-sex-ss2

2. View from the Top

This one is super-intimate, as he can wrap his arms around you to hold you tight, but he’s also hands-free to explore your body – he can squeeze your nipples or grab onto your hair. How to do it: Have him sit on the edge of a bed or a chair and lower yourself onto his shaft, facing away from him. 5-positions-perfect-for-rough-sex-ss3

3. Thumper

You probably recognise this one as doggy style, known for being a hot position for both of you. And with some tweaks, you can up the rough factor by hair pulling, spanking and positioning yourselves in front of a mirror so you can both watch.
How to do it: Get on all fours and have him kneel behind you. He enters from behind while holding your hips or boobs. 5-positions-perfect-for-rough-sex-ss4

4. Queenie

With you on top, you’re rocking the movement, depth and speed, and he’ll love seeing your body in action. To kick it up a notch, you can also tie his hands together or pin his arms down with your knees to really take control. Another option: Have him wear a penis ring for maximum mutual stimulation. How to do it: Straddle him with your knees bent. Push off of his chest to slide up and down. READ MORE: 16 Vibrators That Will Totally Change Your Sex Life Order Now 
5-positions-perfect-for-rough-sex-ss5

5. Bounce House

Giddy up, reverse cowgirl. This one combines the hotness of doggy with the sexy dominance of you on top. He’s hands-free here to explore and to get a little rough. This one is also ideal for anal play, since he’s got easy access and you’re on top to guide him down there. How to do it: He lies on his back while you straddle him, facing away from him. This is the most popular sex position among both men and women. Plus: The 5 times your orgasm will feel intensely different.

5 Sex Positions You Should Finish With For An Orgasmic Grand Finale

Time to change up your end game.

First, Install Our App HERE for way much More.

You’ve probably nailed down one or two positions that work best for you to reach your peak during sex. And while having an orgasm is usually better than not having one (duh), how you finish can also make a big difference.

Read More about: Building Bulk Muscle Girls Want in One Week.

Climaxing in the same position every time you have sex is like having ice cream every time you want dessert. Will you like it? Sure, but you’re depriving yourself of so many other tasty treats. Why settle? We asked Dr Kat Van Kirk, a licensed marriage and family therapist and certified sex therapist, to come up with some newer, sweeter ways to top off an already scrumptious sesh.

5-sex-positions-you-should-finish-with-for-a-grand-finale-ss1

Miss New Booty

Why it’s hot: Van Kirk says this one can actually be more comfortable for your finish than doggy style since you equally share the weight of this position. You can use your arms to control some of the movement, or you can let him take control as you hold yourself up.

How to do it: Place your hands on the floor and have him pull your waist so your legs are on either side of his hips.

5-sex-positions-you-should-finish-with-for-a-grand-finale-ss2

Get Low

Why it’s hot: This reverse missionary angle is great for your O because it allows for more stimulation of the pubic mound and entire clitoral area, says Van Kirk.

How to do it: Lie on your back, and have him straddle you while facing your feet (sort of like 69). Then, lift your legs to wrap them around his back. Raise your hips so he can enter you. Next, grab his butt to help him slide back and forth. Ta-da!

5-sex-positions-you-should-finish-with-for-a-grand-finale-ss3

The Snuggy

Why it’s hot: When you’re looking for maximum pleasure with minimal effort, this is the position to try. It’s got the hotness of doggy with him entering behind you, and you can easily touch your clit while he’s going at it. Many women are surprised by how quickly they finish in this position, says Van Kirk.

How to do it: Bend at the waist as he stands behind you and enters you from the rear.

5-sex-positions-you-should-finish-with-for-a-grand-finale-ss4

Missionary

Why it’s hot: Watching him take over in this position can be super hot. He’s doing most of the work, you get a great view of his bod, and you can also up the fun by having him wear a vibrating penis ring to stimulate your clit. Once you’ve had your finale, it’s also a great position for eye contact and kissing, post-O.

How to do it: Lie on your back. Have him get on top and enter you.

5-sex-positions-you-should-finish-with-for-a-grand-finale-ss5

Love Gun

Why it’s hot: You’re on top, so you’re in charge of your own finale. With you in control, you can guide the movements, speed and depth, and he’s hands-free to stimulate your hot spots. Plus, he’ll get a full frontal view of when you finish.

How to do it: Have him lie on his back while you lie on top and straddle him. Lean forward slightly so that your hands are on either side of his head.

This is the basic lap dance move that every woman should know. Plus: “I had sex every day for 30 days – here’s exactly what went down…”

The 5 Best Sex Positions For When You’re Feeling Stressed

It’s 2017 and, friends, times are stressful. While stress is a natural occurrence in our daily lives, too much of it can wreak havoc, making us tense, exhausted, and, um, orgasm-less.

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“Women are often guilty of saying, ‘I’m fine, everything’s fine!’ but left wondering why they can’t climax,” says sexologist Megan Stubbs, Yep, you read that right—stress will create a huge mental block between you and your grand finale.

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But don’t worry, there’s plenty you can do to tune out the noise. First, focus on what feels good, says Stubbs. Maybe that means playing relaxing music or lighting candles. But most importantly, it means you’ll want to take things slow. A quickie is great, but this isn’t the time for that, says Stubbs. In order to reduce stress and get those feel-good hormones switching on, you’ll want to spend a lot of time connecting through slow and tender physical touch. So if you’re looking to “bang one out,” you might want to save that for your morning run.

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The positions you’re choosing matter, too. Here are Stubbs’ top picks for sex moves that will zap stress while also delivering the big O:

Man's Best Friend sex positions

Man’s Best Friend

How to do it: Get on all fours. He kneels behind you and enters from behind.

Why it works: Sometimes the best way to destress is to relinquish control, says Stubbs. From here, your partner is completely in charge, leaving you to do nothing but sit back and enjoy the ride.

Spoon sex positions

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Spoon

How to do it: Both of you lie on your sides, facing the same direction. You bring your knees up slightly while he slides up behind your pelvis and enters you from behind.

Why it works: This is a great example of how physical touch can release endorphins and calm your nerves, says Stubbs. Since this position involves a lot of skin-on-skin contact, you’ll be feeling at ease in no time. Plus, laying side by side is less strenuous for your partner as well.

Downward dog sex positions

Downward Dog

How to do it: Lie facedown on the bed, legs straight, hips slightly raised.

Why it works: Similar to doggy, here you’re relinquishing control, says Stubbs. The bonus with this move is that if you’ve had a particularly exhausting day and are feeling tightly wound, laying facedown requires zero effort on your part. Maybe this is a good time to practice some deep breathing exercises?

stand and deliver sex positions

Stand And Deliver

How to do it: With both of you standing, you bend over at the waist and he enters you from behind.

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Why it works: You can walk through the door from work and be in this position in under five minutes flat. This is great for when you need instant relief, says Stubbs. Try this while holding onto the kitchen counter.

cowboy sex positions

Cowboy

How to do it: Lie on your back while he straddles you. He then inserts his penis through the tight opening created by your semi-closed legs.

Why it works: This is what we call coital alignment technique, says Stubbs. It’s a variation on missionary position where his erection is used to give your clit extra stimulation. Extra attention there means a bigger orgasm for you and, let’s face it, it’s nearly impossible to be stressed in O-town. Plus all that skin-on-skin contact and face time is bound to get your happy juices flowing.

Can i get pregnant during my Periods?

Period sex is pretty much NBD these days. Some people love the extra lubrication, while others figure it’s a good excuse to skip the condom for once. (You know, provided you’ve DTR’d and such.)

But is the latter really a thing? Or is the idea that you can’t get pregnant on your period total B.S.?

Short answer: It’s unlikely that you’d get knocked up from having sex on your period—but not impossible.

“Technically you can only get pregnant when you’re ovulating, which is a 48-hour window each month and should not be happening when you’re menstruating,” says Dr Taraneh Shirazian, an gynae with NYU Langone.

The Fine, Red Lining

But, of course, it’s not that simple: Sperm has the ability to stay alive in the body for up to three to five days before hooking up with an egg and implanting in the uterine wall. Plus, many women have wacky cycles, Shirazian says.

So, theoretically, if you have unprotected sex during your period and, within a few days, ovulate, it stands to reason that you could wind up with a plus sign on a pregnancy test.

The chances of your period and ovulation being that close together is very unlikely, but it’s still best to play it safe and use a backup form of birth control when you’re on your period.

What’s more, many women (maybe even you?) experience breakthrough bleeding, which tends to actually occur around ovulation, says Shirazian, noting that this breakthrough bleeding is often termed “ovulatory bleeding.” And if you mistake that for your period, you could be sh*t out of luck.

So, basically, unless you want to get pregnant, don’t have unprotected sex … ever.

7 Seven things that may delay your periods other than Pregnancy

Unless you’re trying for a baby, getting your period regularly is both a blessing and a curse.

On the one hand, you have to deal with cramps, bloating and mood swings. On the other, yay, you’re not pregnant! Suddenly missing your period when babies aren’t on the agenda can be a real freak-out moment, but there are a few other factors that may be to blame. Here, gynae Alyssa Dweck, co-author of V is for Vagina, offers potential reasons you have a late period that have nothing to do with a bouncing bundle of joy.

Major Weight Loss Or Excessive Exercise

“This is a reason I see not that infrequently in my office,” says Dweck. “If your BMI rapidly dips below 18 or 19, you may start to miss periods.” This isn’t strictly based on BMI, though. Serious conditions like anorexia and bulimia can cause a missed cycle, but so can training for a marathon or some other major event that requires you to exercise more than usual. “Nature has a way of protecting you from getting pregnant if your body is under such extreme stress. Your body prevents ovulation so you don’t have a lot of oestrogen, don’t build a big uterine lining, and then don’t get a period,” says Dweck.

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Stress

A big scary event in your life can cause hypothalamic amenorrhea. “This particular area of the brain, the hypothalamus, is where a lot of the hormones for your cycle are regulated,” says Dweck. “The hypothalamus is very affected by stress.” So if you’re dealing with a big move, death in the family, huge breakup, or any other life event that’s shaking you up, it could be the cause of your late period or missed period.

A Thyroid Irregularity

The thyroid gland, located in your neck, regulates your metabolism. It also interacts with many other systems in your body to keep things running smoothly. “If you’re dealing with any type of thyroid imbalance, whether it’s hypo- or hyperthyroidism, that can have implications for your period,” says Dweck. If you notice other symptoms of a thyroid disorder, check in with your doctor for an official diagnosis.

Polycystic Ovary Symptom

PCOS is a hormone imbalance that comes down to a lack of ovulation, so you have altered levels of oestrogen, progesterone, and testosterone. “We’re seeing a lot more of this, although there are varying degrees. It can cause you to completely miss your period or just not menstruate regularly,” says Dweck. Other PCOS symptoms include hair growth in places like the face and chest, difficulty losing weight, and potential fertility issues. Your doctor can help you come up with a treatment plan to manage the condition.

Chronic Diseases Like Coeliac

“I know coeliac disease is on everyone’s mind right now,” says Dweck, referring to the disease that’s characterised by gluten intolerance. “Any chronic disease that’s left untreated or undiagnosed is a stressor to your general system and can result in missed periods.”

Your Birth Control

A missed period or late period can actually be a harmless byproduct of the measures you take to avoid pregnancy. “Some low-dose pills will cause a lack of menses that isn’t dangerous and is many times a welcome side effect,” says Dweck. The same goes for methods like hormonal IUDs, implants, or shots. It can also take some time for your period to come back if you’ve stopped birth control, but it will usually resume without issue in a few months.

Premature Menopause

When women under 40 have hormones misfiring in a significant way, they can go through premature menopause, also known as premature ovarian failure. Along with a missed period, signs of it include hot flashes, night sweats and vaginal dryness. “This isn’t very common, so you shouldn’t immediately worry about it,” says Dweck. If your gyno rules out the many other potential causes and thinks this may be the culprit, she’ll clue you in.

Looking for more info on your period? Here’s everything you ever wanted to know about your menstrual cycle.

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