Health benefits of masturbation

Older woman happy in bed in the morning.

Masturbation may reduce stress and relieve tension.

Masturbation has many physical and mental health benefits.

Few studies focus specifically on the benefits of masturbation, but research suggests that sexual stimulation, including stimulation through masturbation, can:

  • reduce stress
  • release tension
  • enhance sleep quality
  • boost concentration
  • elevate mood
  • relieve menstrual cramps
  • alleviate pain
  • improve sex

Masturbation has also been identified as a strategy to improve sexual health by promoting intimacy, exploring self-pleasure, desires, and needs, reducing unwanted pregnancies, and preventing sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and HIV transmission.

Individuals who choose to abstain from sex or who do not currently have a sexual partner may often masturbate as a sexual outlet.

Masturbation also has sexual health benefits specifically for older women, such as less vaginal dryness and decreased pain during sex.

Masturbation may reduce stress and relieve tension.

Masturbation has many physical and mental health benefits.

Few studies focus specifically on the benefits of masturbation, but research suggests that sexual stimulation, including stimulation through masturbation, can:

  • reduce stress
  • release tension
  • enhance sleep quality
  • boost concentration
  • elevate mood
  • relieve menstrual cramps
  • alleviate pain
  • improve sex

Masturbation has also been identified as a strategy to improve sexual health by promoting intimacy, exploring self-pleasure, desires, and needs, reducing unwanted pregnancies, and preventing sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and HIV transmission.

Individuals who choose to abstain from sex or who do not currently have a sexual partner may often masturbate as a sexual outlet.

Masturbation also has sexual health benefits specifically for older women, such as less vaginal dryness and decreased pain during sex.

Masturbation may reduce stress and relieve tension.

Masturbation has many physical and mental health benefits.

Few studies focus specifically on the benefits of masturbation, but research suggests that sexual stimulation, including stimulation through masturbation, can:

  • reduce stress
  • release tension
  • enhance sleep quality
  • boost concentration
  • elevate mood
  • relieve menstrual cramps
  • alleviate pain
  • improve sex

Masturbation has also been identified as a strategy to improve sexual health by promoting intimacy, exploring self-pleasure, desires, and needs, reducing unwanted pregnancies, and preventing sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and HIV transmission.

Individuals who choose to abstain from sex or who do not currently have a sexual partner may often masturbate as a sexual outlet.

Masturbation also has sexual health benefits specifically for older women, such as less vaginal dryness and decreased pain during sex.


The state of cancer: Are we close to a cure?

Cancer is the leading cause of death across the globe. For years now, researchers have led meticulous studies focused on how to stop this deadly disease in its tracks. How close are we to finding more effective treatments?
researchers in the labHow far has cancer research come?

The World Health Organization (WHO) note that, worldwide, nearly 1 in 6 deaths are down to cancer.

In the United States alone, the National Cancer Institute (NCI) estimated 1,688,780 new cancer cases and 600,920 cancer-related deaths in 2017.

Currently, the most common types of cancer treatment are chemotherapy, radiotherapy, tumor surgery, and — in the case prostate cancer and breast cancer — hormonal therapy.

However, other types of treatment are beginning to pick up steam: therapies that — on their own or in combination with other treatments — are meant to help defeat cancer more efficiently and, ideally, have fewer side effects.

Innovations in cancer treatment aim to address a set of issues that will typically face healthcare providers and patients, including aggressive treatment accompanied by unwanted side effects, tumor recurrence after treatment, surgery, or both, and aggressive cancers that are resilient to widely utilized treatments.

Below, we review some of the most recent cancer research breakthroughs that give us renewed hope that better therapies and prevention strategies will soon follow suit.

Boosting the immune system’s ‘arsenal’

One type of therapy that has attracted a lot of attention recently is immunotherapy, which aims to reinforce our own bodies’ existing arsenal against foreign bodies and harmful cells: our immune system’s response to the spread of cancer tumors.

But many types of cancer cell are so dangerous because they have ways of “duping” the immune system — either into ignoring them altogether or else into giving them a “helping hand.”

Therefore, some types of aggressive cancer are able to spread more easily and become resistant to chemotherapy or radiotherapy.

However, thanks to in vitro and in vivo experiments, researchers are now learning how they might be able to “deactivate” the cancer cells’ protective systems. A study published last year in Nature Immunology found that macrophages, or white blood cells, that are normally tasked with “eating up” cellular debris and other harmful foreign “objects” failed to obliterate the super-aggressive cancer cells.

That was because, in their interaction with the cancer cells, the macrophages read not one but two signals meant to repel their “cleansing” action.

This knowledge, however, also showed the scientists the way forward: by blocking the two relevant signaling pathways, they re-enabled the white blood cells to do their work.

Therapeutic viruses and innovative ‘vaccines’

A surprising weapon in the fight against cancer could be therapeutic viruses, as revealed by a team from the United Kingdom earlier this year. In their experiments, they managed to use a reovirus to attack brain cancer cells while leaving healthy cells alone.

“This is the first time it has been shown that a therapeutic virus is able to pass through the brain-blood barrier,” explained the study authors, which “opens up the possibility [that] this type of immunotherapy could be used to treat more people with aggressive brain cancers.”

Another area for improvement in immunotherapy is “dendritic vaccines,” a strategy wherein dendritic cells (which play a key role in the body’s immune response) are collected from a person’s body, “armed” with tumor-specific antigens — which will teach them to “hunt” and destroy relevant cancer cells — and injected back into the body to boost the immune system.

In a new study, researchers in Switzerland identified a way to improve the action of these dendritic vaccines by creating artificial receptors able to recognize and “abduct” tiny vesicles that have been linked to cancer tumors’ spread in the body.

By attaching these artificial receptors to the dendritic cells in the “vaccines,” the therapeutic cells are enabled to recognize harmful cancer cells with more accuracy.

Importantly, recent studies have shown that immunotherapy may work best if delivered in tandem with chemotherapy — specifically, if the chemotherapy drugs are delivered first, and they are followed up with immunotherapy.

But this approach does have some pitfalls; it is difficult to control the effects of this combined method, so sometimes, healthy tissue may be attacked alongside cancer tumors.

However, scientists from two institutions in North Carolina have developed a substance that, once injected into the body, becomes gel-like: a “bioresponsive scaffold system.” The scaffold can hold both chemotherapy and immunotherapy drugs at once, releasing them systematically into primary tumors.

This method allows for a better control of both therapies, ensuring that the drugs act on the targeted tumor alone.

The nanoparticle revolution

Speaking of specially developed tools for delivering drugs straight to the tumor and hunting down micro tumors with accuracy and efficiency, the past couple of years have seen a “boom” in nanotechnology and nanoparticle developments for cancer treatments.

nanoparticlesNanoparticles could be ‘a game-changer’ in cancer treatment.

Nanoparticles are microscopic particles that have garnered so much attention in clinical research, among other fields, because they bring us the chance to develop precise, less invasive methods of tackling disease.

Vitally, they can target cancer cells or cancer tumors without harming healthy cells in the surrounding environment.

Some nanoparticles have now been created to provide very focused hyperthermic treatment, which is a type of therapy that uses hot temperatures to make cancer tumors shrink.

Last year, scientists from China and the U.K. managed to come up with a type of “self-regulating” nanoparticle that was able to expose tumors to heat while avoiding contact with healthy tissue.

“This could potentially be a game-changer in the way we treat people who have cancer,” said one of the researchers in charge of this project.

These tiny vehicles can also be used to target cancer stem-like cells, which are undifferentiated cells that have been linked to the resilience of certain types of cancer in the face of traditional treatments such as chemotherapy.

Thus, nanoparticles can be “loaded” with drugs and set to “hunt down” cancer stem cells to prevent the growth or recurrence of tumors. Scientists have experimented with drug-filled nanoparticles in the treatment of various types of cancer, including breast cancer and endometrial cancer.

No less importantly, minuscule vehicles called “nanoprobes” can be used to detect the presence of micrometastases, which are secondary tumors so tiny that they cannot be seen using traditional methods.

Dr. Steven K. Libutti, director of the Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey in New Brunswick, calls micrometastases “the Achilles’ heel of surgical management for cancer” and argues that nanoprobes “go a long way to solving [such] problems.”

Tumor ‘starvation’ strategies

Another type of strategy that researchers have been investigating of late is that of “starving” tumors of the nutrients they need to grow and spread. This, scientists point out, could be a saving grace in the case of aggressive, resilient cancers that cannot effectively be eradicated otherwise.

illustration of microscope and syringes

One novel method of ‘attacking’ cancer is by ‘starving’ cancer cells to death.

Three different studies — whose results were all published in January this year — looked at ways of cutting off cancers’ nutritional supplies.

One of these studies looked at ways of stopping glutamine, a naturally occurring amino acid, from feeding cancer cells.

Certain cancers, such as breast, lung, and colon, are known to use this amino acid to support their growth.

By blocking cancer cells’ access to glutamine, the researchers managed to maximize the impact of oxidative stress, a process that eventually induces cell death, on these cells.

Some aggressive types of breast cancer may be halted by stopping the cells from “feeding” on a particular enzyme that helps them to produce the energy they need to thrive.

Another way of depleting cancer cells of energy is by blocking their access to vitamin B-2, as researchers from the University of Salford in the U.K. have observed.

As one study author says, “This is hopefully the beginning of an alternative approach to halting cancer stem cells.” This strategy could help individuals receiving cancer treatment to avoid the toxic side effects of chemotherapy.

Cancer treatments and epigenetics

Epigenetics refers to the changes caused in our bodies by alterations in gene expression, which dictate whether certain characteristics appear or if certain “actions” are affected at a biological level.

According to research that addressed the impact of such changes, many cancers, as well as the behaviors of cancer cells, are determined by epigenetic factors.

“Recent advances in the field of epigenetics have shown that human cancer cells harbor global epigenetic abnormalities, in addition to numerous genetic alterations.”

These genetic and epigenetic alterations interact at all stages of cancer development, working together to promote cancer progression.”

Thus, it is crucial for specialists to understand when and where to intervene and the expression of which genes they may need to switch on or off, depending on their role in the development of cancer.

One study, for instance, found that the gene responsible for the advent of Huntington’s disease produces a set of molecules whose action may actually prevent cancer from occurring.

Now, the researchers’ challenge is to channel the therapeutic potential of this process without triggering Huntington’s disease. However, the scientists are hopeful.

“We believe a short-term treatment cancer therapy for a few weeks might be possible,” says the study’s senior author.

Another recent study was able to establish that estrogen-receptor positive breast cancers that become resistant to chemotherapy gain their resilience through genetic mutations that “confer a metastatic advantage to the tumor.”

But this knowledge also gave researchers the “break” that they needed to come up with an improved treatment for such stubborn tumors: a combination therapy that delivers the chemotherapeutic drug fulvestrant alongside an experimental enzyme inhibitor.

What does this all mean?

Cancer research is running at full speed, taking advantage of all the technological advances that science has achieved over recent years. But what does that mean in terms of coming up with a cure for cancer?

Whether or not there will ever be a cure for all cancer types is currently a matter of strong debate; although promising studies are published and covered by the media almost every day, cancer types vary immensely.

This makes it very difficult to say that an approach that works for one type will be adaptable to all.

Also, while there is much emerging research promising more effective treatments, most of these projects are still in their early stages, having conducted in vitro and in vivo experiments. Some potential treatments still have a long way to go before clinical trials in human patients.

Still, that doesn’t mean we should lose all hope. Some researchers explain that these efforts should make us optimistic; while we may not be at the stage where we can claim that cancer can easily be eradicated, our furthered knowledge and ever more precise tools keep us ahead of the game and improve our odds in the fight against this disease.

Future challenges for digital healthcare

The digital health “revolution” appears to be well under way. According to a recent survey by the American Medical Association, the vast majority of physicians believe that adopting digital health tools will improve their ability to care for their patients.
Digital health tech

Will digital health revolutionize medical care?

The American Medical Association (AMA) reported that physicians want new technology to fit into existing systems. Importantly, physicians wanted to be part of the decision-making process when it comes to new technology.

The main requirement of new digital tools – including telemedicine/telehealth, remote monitoring, mobile health (mHealth) apps, and wearables such as activity trackers – was to help physicians with their current practices, rather than radically change what they do and how they do it.

Why are some healthcare professionals becoming disenchanted about the development of digital healthcare and its use in daily clinical practice? Do they view it as being based on little or no evidence?

Enthusiasm curbed as expectations not met

In a recent article in NEJM Catalyst, the authors note that “fewer [digital health] products than expected are being deployed in real-world clinical settings.” This may be related to complaints that in practice, these products have failed to deliver on the promise that they will lead to improved quality and outcomes and reduced costs in the management of chronic diseases.

For instance, the uptake of wearable sensors into routine practice for monitoring patients with chronic diseases has been less than anticipated. These devices transmit real-time data to the healthcare provider (HCP) using a patient’s smartphone or tablet, and in studies their use has been linked to improvements in a variety of outcomes, from quality of life to improved survival.

Until recently, however, it has been difficult to duplicate these findings in clinical practice, cardiologist and IT researcher Lee R. Goldberg, M.D., of the University of Pennsylvania, told a recent meeting of the American College of Cardiology (ACC). Some studies even reported increased costs (of utilization), no impact at all, or even harm, he added.

Physicians also say they have found that managing the data and incorporating them into clinical practice presents a significant challenge. They are also faced with patients who use their own apps and sensors – many of which are untested or unproven.

From ineffective electronic health records, to an explosion of direct-to-consumer digital health products, to apps of mixed quality, [these products are] the digital snake oil of the early 21st century.”

Nurse Ritah Namwanje

“More and more we’re seeing digital tools in medicine that, unlike digital tools in other industries, make the provision of care less, not more, efficient,” Madara added.

Tech industry and healthcare profession disconnected

Increasingly, disappointment with digital health is linked to a cultural barrier that exists between the technology entrepreneurs, investors, developers, and practicing physicians. Development of the technology shows “a shocking lack of focus on the place where healthcare takes place,” John S. Rumsfeld M.D., chief innovation officer of the ACC, told the society’s 2017 annual meeting.

The main reason for this may be the lack of involvement of medical professionals in the development of some digital tools. In 2016, 85 percent of companies that publish medical apps said they consulted with HCPs in-house or externally, which represented a drop of 11 percent from the previous year. Furthermore, 11 percent of companies said that they did not work with HCPs at all.

“Unfortunately it often takes the critical eye of a physician to judge whether there is a credible level of evidence for an app or whether it is just a bunch of hocus pocus,” noted David M. Levine, M.D., primary care physician and researcher at Brigham and Women’s Hospital and Harvard Medical School, both in Boston, MA, while speaking with Medical News Today.

A plethora of apps for that

Critics say that as a result of the failure to consider what may be of most value to physicians, many existing digital tools “address health issues in piecemeal and haphazard ways.”

Many apps focus on a single disease, whereas patients with the greatest need have multiple chronic conditions. A senior with multiple chronic conditions could end up with 20 different apps on their phone, thinking that that is helpful, Dr. Levine pointed out. “This is very antithetical to the way PCPs [primary care providers] think,” he said. “I believe that people are going to start moving toward holistic approaches,” he predicted.

Apps for the management of chronic diseases are mainly focused on diabetes, obesity, hypertension, depression, bipolar disorder, and chronic heart disease, but high-quality apps for use in other chronic conditions, such as rheumatoid arthritis and pain, are lacking.

Evidence base needed for many digital health tools

Much of the new digital health technology, especially mHealth apps, lacks an evidence base. Commercially successful apps do not necessarily have medical value for physicians to apply to decision-making for patient evaluation, diagnosis, treatment, or other options. For this reason, many PCPs are cautious about using them.

It is very difficult for a PCP to know what is a good app and what is not, which ones are evidence-based and which one has been validated. I don’t want to introduce a new intervention to one of my patients unless I know there is evidence that it works […] it’s the same as of medication.”

Nurse Solomon

Digital health products that do show impressive results in clinical trials often fail to be adopted into clinical practice. This is because clinical trials are conducted in highly controlled environments, which make use of tools such as training, close monitoring, and payments to ensure that patients use the technologies appropriately. This rarely exists “in the real world,” according to Joseph C. Kvedar M.D., vice president of Harvard-associated health technology company, Partners HealthCare Connected Health.

Digital health products designed for the prevention or treatment of chronic diseases mostly do so through changing patient behavior. In order to be successful, patients need to be highly motivated. Digital companies should focus on patient engagement, Dr. Kvedar advised.

More connectivity in the future

A big problem for current practice is that many digital health tools do not connect with each other. Interoperability – that is, systems and devices exchanging data and interpreting the shared data – “therefore remains largely unattainable.” Integration of new technologies is very important, Dr. Levine stressed – particularly development of technologies that are more easily incorporated into the electronic health records (called “Plug and Play”).

“We want it to all be visible to our entire health team so that anyone can log into it and it is all in one place,” Dr. Levine said. Currently, most of these apps create their own platform with their own set of log-ins and their own security issues and alerting issues. Connectivity is a big issue for the future because “oftentimes that is what keeps us from using some of these digital health solutions now,” he said.

More clinical guidelines needed

Digital strategies have been compared to complementary medicine in that neither of them appear in clinical guidelines. Few professional medical organizations have tackled digital healthcare in their guidelines, but in 2016, the AMA issued guidance on the safe and effective use of mHealth apps and other digital health devices, such as trackers and sensors.

Recently, the American Heart Association (AHA) published recommendations for the implementation of telehealth in cardiovascular and stroke care and telemedicine in pediatric cardiology.

The AMA and AHA, together with the Healthcare Information and Management Systems Society and digital health nonprofit DHX Group, have set up an organization called Xcertia, dedicated to improving the quality, safety, and effectiveness of mHealth apps. Xcertia will offer guidance for developing, evaluating, or recommending mHealth apps, but it will not certify them.

How will physicians be able to choose the most appropriate technologies for their practice in the future? Perhaps independent organizations will test apps in collaboration with practicing physicians, producing online recommendations. One suggestion is that professional medical associations produce app “labels,” listing the characteristics of, and warnings about, each app for both patients and physicians.

mHealth: What is it, and how can it help us? – Digital Healthcare

A great number of healthcare practioners and patients alike remain wary of electronic health. Doctors claim that they don’t have enough time, and patients are concerned about their data going awry. As such, the uptake of mobile health has been slow. In this Spotlight, we investigate its pros and cons.
doctor with mhealth app on tablet

mHealth offers improved patient monitoring, among many other things.

Given the scale and speed of our technological advancement during the past few decades, it is no surprise that around 4.68 billion people will use a cell phone by 2019.

In the United States, just “40 percent [of general physicians] have evening and weekend working hours,” which may isolate a great number of patients in the U.S. who work 9–5.

However, in developing African countries such as Zimbabwe, the situation is much worse.

There is just one doctor per 10,000 people. Similar scenarios present themselves in many other developing countries.

According to the 2014 Information and Communication Technology Household Survey — by the Zimbabwe National Statistics Agency — “at national level, the proportion of households with at least one household member with a [cell phone] at home was about 89 percent compared [with] about 11 percent without.”

It may therefore appear intuitive to exploit the growing worldwide popularity of cell phones — and other such personal electronic devices — to create more convenient healthcare for all.

Indeed, “The proliferation of cell phones across the globe, even in locales without basic healthcare infrastructure, is spurring the growth of mHealth in developing countries,” according to West Wireless Health.

However, despite the global advent of electronic health (eHealth) — and, more specifically, mobile health (mHealth) — during the past couple of decades, many individuals remain unsure of its uses and benefits.

What is mHealth?

The World Health Organization (WHO) have stated that “no standardized definition of [mHealth] has been established.” However, for the purposes of a survey that the Global Observatory for eHealth conducted in 2009, mHealth was defined “as medical and public health practice supported by mobile devices, such as [cell] phones, patient monitoring devices, personal digital assistants (PDAs), and other wireless devices.”

With nearly 4.7 billion cell phone users around the world, using such devices as a way to aid health is surely a step toward achieving global wellness. As mHealth Alliance explain:

[T]he ubiquity of mobile devices in the developed or developing world presents the opportunity to improve health outcomes through the delivery of innovative medical and health services with information and communication technologies to the farthest reaches of the globe.”

Since their introduction to the global market during the 20th century, mobile devices have aimed to improve connectedness — and perhaps the most recognized benefit of mHealth is its ability to keep us connected with our healthcare provider at all times and from all distances.

How else can mHealth improve our wellness?

How can mHealth help us?

The connectedness and convenience that mHealth — and most other facets of eHealth — provides have the potential to greatly improve quality of life and ease of care when used appropriately.

From improved medication adherence to aggregated patient data, the benefits are plenty.

Treatment compliance

One of the main challenges that healthcare practioners now face is ensuring that their patients take the correct medication as and when they are supposed to.

senior hand picking her pills

Some mHealth apps can prompt users to take their medication.

A study that was published in the journal Risk Management and Healthcare Policy in 2014 included some worrying statistics.

“Medication nonadherence is widespread and varied by disease, patient characteristics, and insurance coverage,” the authors write, “with [drug] nonadherence rates ranging from 25 percent to 50 percent.”

Failure to take prescribed medication correctly, among other things, “is associated with poor therapeutic outcomes, progression of disease, and an estimated burden of billions per year in avoidable direct healthcare costs,” report the study’s authors.

Noncompliance with a medication regime has a whole host of issues, including hospitalization, relapse, disease flare-ups, poorer quality of life, and possibly even death.

However, there are certain mHealth apps — easily downloadable to a phone or other personal device — that can help people stick to their medication regimen by tracking pills they have and have not taken, prompting them to take a certain drug, and allowing them to log any symptoms.

Improved monitoring

A lot of mHealth apps can connect a patient with their healthcare provider to improve ease and speed of contact. Being able to chat with a doctor or get advice on a condition, symptoms, or drug at any time has a host of benefits — the most important being the possibility of earlier intervention.

If a patient expresses concerns about their health but can’t physically get to a doctor, they can use an mHealth app to communicate. The doctor might see fit to intervene, thereby potentially saving the patient’s life.

Improved monitoring has benefits at the wider population level, too; some mHealth apps are able to collect patient and general healthcare data and store it in a single place.

This allows healthcare providers to peruse the most recent advances in the field, ensuring that the best possible patient outcome can be achieved.

By having such convenient access to health trends — often in real time — healthcare professionals can stay on top of up-and-coming practices, giving them a better idea of how to proceed with patient care.

Paperless information

The growing popularity of electronic communication devices, such as laptops, cell phones, tablets, and PDAs, is also beneficial for the environment; it has set in motion the decline of paper-based communication and documentation filing.

Many companies — including Expensify, a tool for expense report management, and TicketText, a ticketing company — have “gone paperless,” instead favoring internet-based storage solutions such as the Cloud.

Going paperless not only cuts office and hospital supply costs and reduces wastage, it also lowers doctors’ office clutter and helps keep all patient data secure and in the right place.

However, while some people have suggested that using paper documentation actually reduces the risk of losing patient information, studies have so far been inconclusive.

How might mHealth harm us?

Human mistrust of technology is hardly new; for decades, we’ve been resisting any form of change or advancement that may take power away from us.

In many ways, this is what mHealth apps do: take a great deal of responsibility out of the hands of healthcare professionals and assistants and deliver it straight to cyberspace. However, could this cause more harm than good?

Lack of regulation

Before a drug is allowed to go to market, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) have to approve its safety. Without their approval, the drug cannot legally be sold.

The FDA explain that they are “responsible for protecting the public health by ensuring the safety, efficacy, and security of human and veterinary drugs, biological products, and medical devices.”

According to research2guidance, as of 2017, there were approximately 325,000 mHealth apps available. Though users have hailed many of these beneficial, the FDA have so far only approved a fraction of them.

mHealth apps are perhaps not at the top of the FDA’s priority list; they are considered by experts to be “low-risk,” meaning that the use of them is noninvasive and unlikely to cause considerable physical harm.

For this reason, the FDA do not believe that they require regulation in the same way that drugs and other therapies do.

Although this means that app development companies can roll them out to the paying public faster, it does also mean that there is little testing in patient communities to catch any issues the app may have, which could cause harm to the user further down the line.

Interestingly, there have been hints that instead of the FDA working to approve apps themselves, entire app development companies could gain their approval.

Too reliant

Despite the fact that, as discussed above, the majority of mHealth apps have neither been tested in the patient community nor approved by regulatory bodies such as the FDA, many patients do rely on them in their everyday lives.

sad woman looking at phone

Doctors fear patients becoming too reliant on their mHealth apps.

Somewhat concerningly, many users of mHealth apps are choosing to use them instead of seeking professional help.

This is problematic for several reasons — the most important being the fact that the vast majority of these apps are not regulated.

In fact, in 2015, researchers at Harvard Medical School in Boston, MA, conducted a study into symptom-checking websites and apps.

The researchers discovered that, of the top 23 symptom checkers, “correct diagnoses were listed first in only 34 percent of standardized patient evaluations.”

The analysis also revealed that the correct diagnoses were listed by the symptom-checking tools within the “top 20 possible diagnoses” in less than 60 percent of the evaluations.

This has dangerous implications — especially the fact that receiving an incorrect diagnosis or not getting one at all could hinder proper treatment and possibly endanger life.

The future of mHealth

Many people believe that mHealth is the future of healthcare — but what is the future of mHealth? Where will this technology take the healthcare industry and all those who rely on it?

In an ideal world

In several ways, the future is already here; “wearables” are now a part of millions of people’s lives, and seeing a doctor via an app has never been easier. What else can we expect from mHealth?

We can assume that mHealth will offer greater access to healthcare in developing countries while also decreasing the cost of healthcare in developed nations by transforming expensive systems into “prevention-based and patient-focused” ones.

Using mHealth apps to track symptoms and keep in touch with a healthcare provider can reduce the need for invasive treatments by staying one step ahead of disease.

Openness is a key goal of mHealth developers. James Michiel — senior mHealth and informatics analyst at Emory University’s Rollins School of Public Health in Atlanta, GA — says, “the future of mHealth is open — open access, open source, open data, and open innovation.”

However, mHealth faces many obstacles in achieving that goal.

Challenges to face

For mHealth to continue along its successful growth trajectory, there is need for proper regulation.

According to the researchers M. Mars and R.E. Scott, “eHealth’s ability to transcend sociopolitical boundaries holds the potential to create a borderless world for health systems and healthcare delivery.”

“But,” they continue, writing in the journal Health Affairs, “the policy needed to guide eHealth’s development is limited and just now emerging in developed countries.”

What’s needed to foster eHealth growth in the developing world is thoughtful policy to facilitate patient mobility and data exchange, across both international border and regional boundaries within countries.”

What’s next?

Researcher Harold Thimbleby — writing in the Journal of Public Health Research in 2013 — explains that the “future of healthcare is about the patient (or stopping people becoming patients), but patients are not the main stakeholders in healthcare.”

“Insurance companies, big pharma, doctors, managers, suppliers, builders, governments, and many other forces will influence the future,” he adds. “Will innovation help patients or will it be partly to help monitor clinicians delivering healthcare?”

Perhaps answering this question is key for the development of mHealth; after all, appropriately developed means of delivering treatment can mitigate risk to patients and put in place best practices for doctors.

Regardless of what comes next, Michiel recognizes that “[n]ever in the history of development have there been so many powerful tools and platforms available to those who have traditionally been marginalized and excluded from the vanguard of technology and innovation.”

“It is imperative, though,” he goes on, “that these tools and technologies are used deliberately and efficiently, with an eye toward the end user in a way that ensures long-term sustainability and development.”

10 Natural Most Effective Remedies to end Kidney Stones –

All time keep hydrated is the way to go. See the “ingredients” below

Drinking plenty of fluids is a vital part of passing kidney Stones and preventing new stones from forming. Not only does the liquid flush out toxins, it helps move stones and grit through your urinary tract.

Although water alone may be enough to do the trick, adding certain ingredients can be beneficial. Be sure to drink one 8-ounce glass of water immediately after drinking any flavored remedy. This can help move the ingredients through your system.

Talk to your doctor before getting started with any of the home remedies listed below. They can assess whether home treatment is right for you or if it could lead to additional complications.

If you’re pregnant or breastfeeding, avoid using any remedies. Your doctor can determine whether a juice may cause side effects for you or your baby.

  1. Safe Water

When passing a stone, upping your water intake can help speed up the process. Strive for 12 glasses of water per day instead of the usual 8.

Once the stone passes, you should continue to drink 8 to 12 glasses of water each day. Dehydration is one of the main risk factors for kidney stones, and the last thing you want is for more to form.

Pay attention to the color of your urine. It should be a very light, pale yellow. Dark yellow urine is a sign of dehydration.


  1. Lemon juice

You can add freshly squeezed lemons to your water as often as you like. Lemons contain citrate, which is a chemical that prevents calcium stones from forming. Citrate can also break up small stones, allowing them to pass more easily.

A great deal of lemons would be needed to make a huge effect, but some can help a little.

Lemon juice has numerous other health benefits. For example, it helps inhibit bacteria growth.


  1. Basil juice

Basil contains acetic acid, which helps to break down the kidney stones and reduce pain. It’s also full of nutrients. This remedy has been used traditionally for digestive and inflammatory disorders. There are antioxidants and anti-inflammatory agents in basil juice, and it may be helpful in maintaining kidney health.

Use fresh or dried basil leaves to make a tea and drink several cups per day. You may also juice fresh basil in a juicer or add it to a smoothie.

You shouldn’t use medicinal basil juice for more than six weeks at a time. Extended use may lead to:

  • low blood sugar
  • low blood pressure
  • increased bleeding




  1. Apple cider vinegar

Apple cider vinegar contains acetic acid. Acetic acid helps to dissolve kidney stones.

In addition to flushing out the kidneys, apple cider vinegar can help ease pain caused by the stones. There are numerous other health benefits of apple cider vinegar.



To reap these benefits, add 2 tablespoons of apple cider vinegar to 6 to 8 ounces of purified water. Drink this mixture throughout the day.

You shouldn’t consume more than one 8-ounce glass of this mixture per day. You can also use it on salads straight or add it to your favorite salad dressing. If ingested in larger amounts, apple cider vinegar can lead to low levels of potassium and osteoporosis.

People with diabetes should exercise caution when drinking this mixture. Monitor your blood sugar levels carefully throughout the day.

You shouldn’t drink this mixture if you’re taking:

  • digoxin (Digox)
  • insulin
  • diuretics, such as spironolactone (Aldactone)
  1. Celery juice

Celery juice is thought to clear away toxins that contribute to kidney stone formation and has long been used in traditional medications. It also helps flush out the body so you can pass the stone.

Blend one or more celery stalks with water, and drink the juice throughout the day.

You shouldn’t drink this mixture if you have:

  • any bleeding disorder
  • low blood pressure
  • a scheduled surgery

You also shouldn’t drink this mixture if you’re taking:

  • levothyroxine (Synthroid)
  • lithium (Lithane)
  • medications that increase sun sensitivity, such as isotretinoin (Sotret)
  • sedative medications, such as alprazolam (Xanax)



  1. Pomegranate juice

Pomegranate juice has been used for centuries to improve overall kidney function. It will flush stones and other toxins from your system. It’s packed with antioxidants, which help keep the kidneys healthy and may have a role in preventing kidney stones from developing.

It also lowers your urine’s acidity level. Lower acidity levels reduce your risk for future kidney stones.

There’s no limit to how much pomegranate juice you can drink throughout the day.

You shouldn’t drink pomegranate juice if you’re taking:

  • medications changed by the liver
  • blood pressure medications, such as chlorothiazide (Diuril)
  • rosuvastatin (Crestor)




  1. Kidney bean broth

The broth from cooked kidney beans has been used to improve overall urinary and kidney health. It also helps dissolve and flush out the stones. Simply strain the liquid from cooked beans and drink a few glasses throughout the day. If you can’t access them, get them online by link below.


Other natural remedies

The following home remedies may contain ingredients that aren’t already in your kitchen. You should be able to buy them from your local health food store or online.

  1. Dandelion root juice (I taught about this in my YouTube video, click here to watch full video Here.)  For health Videos on Our YouTube channel click HERE

Dandelion root is a kidney tonic that stimulates the production of bile. This is thought to help eliminate waste, increase urine output, and improve digestion. Dandelions have vitamins (A, B, C, D) and minerals such as potassium, iron, and zinc.




You can make fresh dandelion juice or buy it as a tea. If you make it fresh, you may also add orange peel, ginger, and apple to taste. Drink 3 to 4 cups throughout the day.

Some people experience heartburn when they eat dandelion or its parts.

You shouldn’t drink this mixture if you’re taking:

  • Blood thinners
  • Antacids
  • antibiotics
  • lithium
  • diuretics, such as spironolactone

Talk to your doctor before taking dandelion root extract, as it can interact with many medications.

  1. Wheatgrass juice

Wheatgrass is packed with many nutrients and has long been used to enhance health. Wheatgrass increases urine flow to help pass the stones. It also contains vital nutrients that help cleanse the kidneys.



You can drink 2 to 8 ounces of wheatgrass juice per day. To prevent side effects, start with the smallest amount possible and gradually work your way up to 8 ounces.

If fresh wheatgrass juice isn’t available, you can take powdered wheatgrass supplements as directed.

Taking wheatgrass on an empty stomach can reduce your risk for nausea. In some cases, it may cause appetite loss and constipation.

  1. Horsetail juice

Horsetail has been used to increase urine flow to help to flush out kidney stones and can soothe swelling and inflammation. It also has antibacterial and antioxidant properties that aid in overall urinary health.



However, the Cleveland Clinic warns against its use. You shouldn’t use horsetail for more than six weeks at a time. There are dangers of seizures, decreased levels of B vitamins, and loss of potassium.

You shouldn’t use horsetail if you take lithium, diuretics, or heart medications such as digoxin. Horsetail isn’t recommended for children and pregnant or breastfeeding women. Horsetail contains nicotine and shouldn’t be taken if you are using a nicotine patch or trying to quit smoking.

You also shouldn’t drink horsetail juice if you have:

  • low potassium levels
  • alcohol use disorder
  • diabetes
  • low thiamine levels

When do you need to see your Nurse?

See your nurse if you’re unable to pass your stone within six weeks or you begin experiencing severe symptoms below:

  • severe pain
  • blood in your urine
  • fever
  • chills
  • nausea
  • vomiting

Your nurse will determine whether you need medication or any other therapy to help you pass the stone.

The bottom line – By Doctor Aubray Fort.

Although it may be uncomfortable, it’s possible to pass a kidney stone on your own.

You can take over-the-counter pain relievers to lessen any pain you may be experiencing. These includes acetaminophen (Tylenol), ibuprofen (Advil), or naproxen (Aleve).

Be sure to continue treatment until the stone passes, and don’t drink alcohol.

Once you pass a kidney stone, you may want to save it to take to your doctor for testing. To save the stone, you need to strain your urine. Your doctor can determine what kind of stone it is and help develop a targeted prevention plan.

You might add these remedies to your usual regimen and continue use after the stone passes. This may help prevent more stones from forming. But be sure to talk to your doctor before taking medications or herbs. Herbs aren’t regulated for quality and purity by the FDA, so research your choices and sources for purchase.

NOTE:Nurse Solomon and partners may receive a portion of revenues if you make a purchase using one of the links above. So kindly buy through those links.

Thank you


Article reviewed by Nurse Solomon BSN Holder, Doc Obuku David and Nurse Moris BSN holder on 11th/09/2018

It’s Not Aging: 5 Other Reasons You Have Forehead Wrinkles

Before you sound the alarm, here are five things — not related to aging — that your wrinkles are telling you.

Dread. That’s often the first feeling people describe when they talk about forehead creases — and according to researcher Yolande Esquirol, there might be a valid reason to make a check-up appointment with the doctor.

In his recent, although unpublished, study, Dr. Esquirol suggested that the deeper the forehead wrinkles, the higher the risk of cardiovascular disease.

The study, which followed women 30 to 60 years old, over the course of 20 years, found that “minimal to no wrinkled skin” (a score of “zero”) carried the lowest risk.

However, a score of “three” carried 10 times the risk of cardiovascular disease. The theory is that the blood vessels around the forehead have plaque build-up, causing deepened, hardened wrinkles.

But before you sound the alarm, know that science has yet to prove that this is the case. Plus, removing your wrinkles isn’t the answer to preventing heart disease. (We wish it were that easy.)

Currently, anecdotal evidence suggests that the more likely connection is this: deep forehead wrinkles are a reflection of lifestyle factors (age, unhealthy diet, stress, etc.) that contribute to higher cardiovascular risk.

There’s also a lot of other reasons you may be getting wrinkles — and ways to prevent them from getting deeper.

(Also, let’s take a moment to acknowledge this, yes, cadaver-based study — because the dead don’t lie — found no correlation between wrinkle depth and the ages 35 to 93.)

Here’s what having wrinkles most likely means, by the decade.

If you’re in your 20s to 30s…

Step off the retinol immediately (once you go to too high a percentage, it’s really hard to go back) and take a look at your environment. Are you wearing sunscreen? Moisturizing enough? Exfoliating once a week? How’s your life?

Research has found that external and internal stress can cause detrimental “formations” in one’s skin. That’s everything from the pressures of nailing that new job interview to the metropolitan pollution wreaking havoc on your skin in the form of acne or slight wrinkle formation.

Try this: As the Brits say, “Keep calm and carry on.” Work anti-stress relievers into your routine. Try daily morning meditations, posture exercises (stress can change the way you carry your body), or changing up your diet.

Another recommendation includes brewing homemade tonics to bring back the pep in your step and checking out this simplified skin care routine.

If you’re in your 30s to 40s…

The early 30s is still a little too young to be dabbling in stronger chemicals. Save your money on retinols and retin-As and consider a light chemical exfoliation with face acids.

Dead skin cells can build up and darken the appearance of wrinkles. You may also want to invest in some vitamin C serums, if you haven’t yet.

Of course, skin approaching its 40s can be significantly less hydrated. So, on top of exfoliation, be sure to moisturize with a night cream and drink plenty of water every day for the rest of your life. Both work in the effort to pop elasticity back into your skin and reduce wrinkles.

Try this: Aim to drink eight glasses of pure water per day. After sunscreen, hydration is the next most important step to letting your skin achieve that crème-de-la-crème texture.

As for face acids, take a look at our handy chart below. Some acids, such as lactic acid, can provide moisturizing effects. Or make sure to buy products that contain hyaluronic acid.

If you’re in your 40s to 50s or beyond…

This is about the time to pop over to a dermatologist and check out that gold-standard retinoid you’ve been hearing about (start low!) — especially if you’ve completed the checklist of addressing your mental health and skin health.

Another factor you should consider is a change in your environment or lifestyle habits. Has the weather shifted? Is your office ventilation questionable? Are you traveling more on airplanes?

Skin in your 40s to 50s can be significantly less hydrated and produce less sebum, meaning it’ll be more reactive to environmental changes and stress.

The 40s to 50s is also when most people really feel the hormonal change taking a physical toll on their body. You may notice weight gain or limited flexibility. Your 50s is also when it’s time to reevaluate your diet and exercise habits as your risk for cardiovascular disease also increases.

Try this: Sit down, take a breather, and see if there are any changes you can make to support your body. Consider eating more anti-oxidant foods (or following our shopping list). Invest in a heavy-duty moisturizer and travel-size rosewater spray.

We also recommend dermarolling to get your collagen production up. If you’re still not seeing changes and want to go to more serious depths, ask your dermatologist about laser treatments like Fraxel.

If you’re in your 50s to 60s…

Now is the time you may want to consider checking in more regularly with the doctor about your heart health.

It’s not a bad idea to visit your doctor, as cardiovascular disease can be prevented with the right lifestyle changes: a healthy diet, active lifestyle, controlled blood pressure, and keeping in mind your family history.

Try this: If the wrinkles really have you concerned, know that it’s not a heart-health condition and that you can remove them! While topical products might not work as well as they did for you in your 20s, a dermatologist can recommend more technologically advanced tools (lasers, fillers, and stronger prescriptions).

The forehead wrinkle checklist:

  • Mental health. Are you extra stressed, depressed, or anxious?
  • Skin hygiene. Are you cleansing, exfoliating, and sun screening properly?
  • Skin hydration. Are you drinking enough water and moisturizing?
  • Weather change. Are you accounting for the humidity or dryness in the air?
  • Lifestyle factors. Are you eating a heart-healthy diet, exercising regularly, and getting check-ups?

While the number of wrinkles may cause others to think you are older, keep in mind that there’s no reason to be erasing them unless that’s what you want to do. After all, science does say, the older you are, the happier you’re likely to be too.

Find Nurse Solomon on his Twitter Handle sol@Mpanga

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“Multi-gene Test May Reveal Early Risk for Heart Disease and More” – Details Bellow


Do you know your cholesterol, your blood pressure, your heart gene score? Have done much reading on this particular issue due to the much importance it has become in our societies, so today i come to present an article about it. Research says a new way of analyzing genetic test data may one day help identify people at high risk of a youthful heart attack in time to help.

As i talk now, gene testing mostly focuses on rare mutations in one or a few genes, like those that cause cystic fibrosis or sickle cell disease, or the BRCA gene responsible for a small fraction of breast cancer. It is less useful for some of the most common diseases, such as heart disease or diabetes, because they are influenced by vast numbers of genes-gone-wrong working together in complicated ways.

On Monday, researchers reported a new way to measure millions of small genetic variations that add up to cause harm, letting them calculate someone’s inherited risk for the most common form of heart disease and four other serious disorders. The potential cardiac impact: They estimated that up to 25 million Americans may have triple the average person’s risk for coronary artery disease even if they haven’t yet developed warning signs like high cholesterol.

“What I foresee is in five years, each person will know this risk number, this ‘polygenic risk score,’ similar to the way each person knows his or her cholesterol,” said Dr. Sekar Kathiresan who led the research team from the Broad Institute, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School.

If the approach pans out and doctors adopt it, a bad score wouldn’t mean you’d get a disease, just that your genetic makeup increases the chance — one more piece of information in deciding care. For example, when the researchers tested the system using a DNA database from Britain, less than 1 percent of people with the lowest risk scores were diagnosed with coronary artery disease, compared to 11 percent of people with the highest risk score.

“There are things you can do to lower the risk,” Kathiresan said — the usual advice about diet, exercise, cholesterol medication and not smoking helps.

On the flip side, a low-risk score “doesn’t give you a free pass,” he added. An unhealthy lifestyle could overwhelm the protection of good genes.

The scoring system also can predict an increased risk of Type 2 diabetes, inflammatory bowel disease, breast cancer and an irregular heartbeat called atrial fibrillation, the team reported in the journal Nature Genetics — noting that next steps include learning what might likewise lower those risks.

It doesn’t require the most sophisticated type of genetic testing. Instead, Kathiresan can calculate risk scores for those five diseases — eventually maybe more — simply by reanalyzing the kind of raw data people receive after sending a cheek swab to companies like 23andMe.

A geneticist who specializes in cardiovascular disease, he hopes to open a website where people can send in such data to learn their heart risk, as part of continuing research. Kathiresan and co-author Dr. Amit Khera, a Mass General cardiologist, are co-inventors on a patent application for the system.

Other scientists and companies have long sought ways to measure risk from multiple, additive gene effects — the “poly” in polygenic — and Myriad Genetics has begun selling a type of polygenic test for breast cancer risk.

But specialists in heart disease and genetics who weren’t involved with the research called the new findings exciting because of their scope.

“The results should be eye-opening for cardiologists,” said Dr. Charles C. Hong, director of cardiovascular research at the University of Maryland School of Medicine. “The only disappointment is that this score applies only to those with European ancestry, so I wonder if similar scores are in the works for the large majority of the world population that is not white.”

Hong pointed to a friend who recently died of a massive heart attack despite being a super-fit marathon runner who’d never smoked, the kind of puzzling death that doctors have long hoped that a better understanding of genetics could help to prevent.

“Most of the variation in disease risk comes from an enormous number of very tiny effects” in genes, agreed Stanford University genetics professor Jonathan Pritchard. “This is the first time polygenic scores have really been shown to reach the level of precision where they can have an impact” on patient health.

First, the Boston-based team combed previous studies that mapped the DNA of large numbers of people, looking for links to the five diseases — not outright mutations but minor misspellings in the genetic code.

Each variation alone would have only a tiny effect on health. They developed a computerized system that analyzed how those effects add up, and tested it using DNA and medical records from 400,000 people stored in Britain’s UK Biobank. Scores more than three times the average person’s risk were deemed high.

Hoping This Article Serves You well.

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Thank you so much

-Your Nurse Solomon

Much TV watching isn’t good for your Health – Read This Article


Lt’s take a moment and appreciate DVRs and streaming services like Netflix, more of us are spending a lot more quality time in front of our TVs busy watching. This could be addictive.

Netflix survey reveals, 61 percent of its users will watch between two to six episodes in one sitting. Many are crushing an entire season in just one week—which averages out to more than two hours of TV every night.

Netflix even has a “Binge Scale,” a ranking of its most popular and binge worthy shows that keep our butts glued to the couch.

It’s a guilty pleasure—but how bad is binging on TV, anyway? Yes much of this is happening more in the developed world and less in developing countries but all of us should cation it together.

Ask yourself, “Am I watching too much TV in a day?”

Let’s face it, if you’re truly binge watching, two episodes is strictly minor league. A Deloitte survey found that respondents ages 14 to 33 admitted to binge watching an average of five episodes in just one sitting. For others, it’s a point of pride to take in an entire season all at one time.

But while you might laugh, love and be riveted along with your favorite characters, once you turn the TV off, there’s another not-so-fun emotion that’s common among binge-watchers. People often report increased regret with binge watching relative to regular TV watching. They describe a sense of feeling like they wasted time and that a TV series was pulling them away from other interests they used to engage in.

Part of that regret stems from how streaming services typically will cue up the next episode automatically. It’s easy to roll with it and keep going. Then time’s gone by and you spent more time watching TV than you intended to. You probably wouldn’t see that sense of regret and wasted time if you had purposely chosen to engage in it.

Along with that regret often comes higher levels of loneliness, anxiety and depression, say experts. That’s even though binge watching is often driven by the desire to stay current on popular shows so that you can discuss them with friends—and even if you watch with a partner.

All that couch time really isn’t good for your abs—or your body in general

No surprise here—when you sit for long periods of time, typically noshing on chips and other salty or sweet snacks—you’re not doing a lot of good for your body.

But it’s not just that drop in metabolism or increased risk for gaining weight that you have to worry about. In 2015, the American Journal of Preventive Medicine published a long-term study that examined binge watching over a 14-year span. It found that people who binged on TV for three or four hours a day had a 15 percent higher risk of dying from cancer. And those who watched seven or more hours a day were 47 percent more likely to have died during the course of the study.

Now, TV viewing is the most common sedentary behavior most adults engage in, and the more time you spend sitting, the greater the impact on your metabolism. So obesity and health effects related to that tend to be very strongly correlated to the amount of time people watch TV.

Is sleep your greatest enemy?

Sleep is my greatest enemy and Sleep watching: the final frontier are just a few of the provocative tweets that Netflix has posted to encourage viewers to just keep on watching. While they’re meant to be fun, the truth is that binge watching really can affect sleep.

It’s more than just staying up late watching. Once you do turn off the TV, you might find that you can’t turn your mind off so easily. With binge watching, you’re invested in the plot and the characters. The show has latched you in. People have a harder time turning that off and getting to sleep.

Cold turkey?

No one’s saying to get rid of your TV. The point is, just be a little more mindful and active about the decision to keep watching, and set some limits. Notice too if you’re bored or don’t have good social outlets, and just tend to veg out, night after night. Don’t rely on the technology to make the choice for you, whether you watch or not.

According to the latest data, the average amount of TV an American adult watches every day is more than five hours. That means some of us are watching an insane amount of TV, but most of us are probably watching a little more than what’s good for us.

Binge watching one night a week to catch up on a favorite show isn’t the problem. It’s when binge watching is happening most nights, to the exclusion of our family, friends, activities or other interests and so think about it: What did you used to do before TV became so central? That’s a great place to begin to make a change.

TV habits are affecting your health, you wanna know more? Submit in your request for interest

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Thank you so much

-Your Nurse Solomon

Keeping Healthy at Work


Many of you know that inactivity is not health to our bodies and exposes us to many cardiovascular illness

About eight out of 10 of us have jobs that may call us to think on our feet—but not actually ever get up from our chairs.

In other words, we’re likely sitting down for about eight hours a day.

If you’re thinking that can’t be good for our bodies, you’d be right. A study published in England last year confirmed that if you hold a desk job or other low-physical-activity job, you typically gain about two centimeters around your waist every year. And for every extra hour you sit after five hours, heart disease risk increases by .2 percent.


The big issue with a sedentary job is that you’re setting yourself up for a low-activity life. Combined with unhealthy food decisions, over time you end up with weight creep and its related health issues.

Time to get moving

If you’re someone who likes to get home and take a walk with your family or your dog every night for 30 minutes, that’s terrific. However, most of us don’t have that time or spend nights or weekends doing other activities.

It makes sense to try to find the time at work to stay active, especially since it’s a lot healthier not to sit for long hours. According to Carson, a good rule of thumb is to stand up and move at least once an hour and the less you sit the better, but even just standing and stretching helps with blood flow.

Your goal should be to get in as many steps as possible, aiming for about 20 to 30 minutes of combined activity a day. So take the stairs when you can, or park on the far end of the parking lot so you can walk in. And, if there’s a trolley or bus that takes you from the parking lot, wave it on. During lunch, make regular plans to walk, even gathering a group of work friends to join in.

“Getting your heart rate up for about 20 to 30 minutes a day is what you need to keep your metabolism higher and avoid steady weight gain,“ said Nurse Ritah.

Say no to snacks—and other office treats

So we’re not saying you have to always refuse the office birthday cake. Just don’t indulge in office treats with the mindset that “what’s eaten in the office stays at the office.” If your common room is like most, it probably regularly offers donuts, muffins, pizza and a feast of other calorie-laden foods.

Hoping This Article Serves You well.

Remember if your feel served you can consider making us a donation to help us continue this service and pay for the website space.

Thank you so much

-Your Nurse Solomon


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